The Central Institute of Indian Languages was set up on
the 17th July, 1969 with a view to assisting and co-ordinating
the development of Indian languages. The Institute was
charged with the responsibility of serving as a nucleus to bring
all the research and literary output from the various linguistic
streams to a common head and narrowing the Zap between
basic research and developmental research in the fields of
languages and linguistics in India.
The Institute and its four Regional Language Centers are
thus engaged in research and teaching which lead to the publication of a wide-ranging variety of materials. Preparation of
materials designed for teaching learning at different levels and
Suited to specific needs is one of the major areas of interest of
the Institute. Basic research relating to the acquisition of
language and Study of language in its manifold psycho-social
relations constitute another broad range of its interest. The
publication will include materials produced by the members of
the staff of the Central Institute of Indian Languages and its
Regional Language Centres and associated scholars from
universities and institutions, both Indian and foreign.
The Central Institute of Indian languages has Initiated the
Grammar series in non-literate languages in general and tribal
languages in particular Presenting a description of every such
language in the sub-continent. This is undertaken with a view
to producing instructional material necessary for learning and
teaching the language concerned. It is also expected to be of
synchronic and diachronic study of languages.
If these materials help solving problems, both individual and
corporate, and help in understanding the people speaking the
language, then our efforts will be deemed to have been amply
The tribal people in India have for long lived in isolation
except to be exposed for exploitation. They have not participated
to their benefit in the socio-economic development of the
country. To come out of their isolation, it is necessary for them
to learn the language of the majority people around them and
a number of them have done so. But this bridges the communication gap only in one way and the whole burden of building
up this bridge is carried by the minority group. It is necessary,
however, for developing mutual understanding and good-will,
to increase bidirectional communication between the tribal
people and the majority of people of the region. For this
purpose, the majority people, especially those who come in
contact with the tribal people for various reasons such as civil
administration, security, social service, trade etc., should learn
their language. The Grammar, which forms part of the package
consisting of phonetic reader, bi- or tri-lingual dictionary and
teaching manual is prepared to help them in their learning of
the tribal language.
The organisation of the Grammar is based on grammatical
functions rather than on grammatical forms. This will help
the new learner to find easily how the different functions, which
he already knows and wants to express, are formalised in this
language. Since this Grammar is primarily meant for pedagogical purposes, theoretical discussions and justifications for a
particular analysis are kept to a minimum. The Grammar is
divided generally into two broad categories of noun morphology
and verb morphology. A description of adjectives and adverbs
follows verb morphology. The chapter on syntax describes the
order of the constituents at the surface level.
Though the Grammar is primarily aimed at the language
learner and the teacher, it is hoped that it will also be useful to
Linguists interested in typology and universals.
Data for the Grammar were collected in the field primarily
from one informant by elicitation through word and sentence
lists. They were then cross-checked with some other informants.
The description may not be exhaustive and there might be gaps.
There might be possibilities for alternative analyses. Comments
and suggestions passed on to us will be useful to improve our
future publication in this series.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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