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Books > Ayurveda > Ayurveda > Classical > CAKRADATTA: A Treatise On Principles And Practices Of Ayurvedi Medicine
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CAKRADATTA: A Treatise On Principles And Practices Of Ayurvedi Medicine
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CAKRADATTA: A Treatise On Principles And Practices Of Ayurvedi Medicine
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About the Book

 

Cakradatta or Cikitsasangraha saringraha of Sri Cakrapanidatta (11th Cent. A.D.) is an authoritative work on Ayurvedic Medicine dealing. exhaustively and lucidly with principles and practices. It has been remained, for the last about 2000 years, a popular handbook for the physicians of Ayurveda and a source book for the later compilations on Medicine.

 

Though Cakradatta followed Vrnda he excelled the latter by adding many single drugs and compound formulations particularly the mercurial compounds which are absent in Vrnda’s work. This clearly draws a line between the ancient and the medieval periods the Cakradatta being the first representative work of the latter. Thus the Cakradatta is not valuable only for its contributions in medicine but also as an important historical landmark.

 

In past years a number of sanskrit works in Ayurveda have been translated into English but so far no works was available on Ayurvedic Medicine. This edition serves this purpose and has been intended for those who are interested in Ayurvedic Medicine, its principles and practices, and are curious to know more in this subject.

 

In 79 chapters this book covers almost the entire field of Ayurvedic Medicine including Pancakarma and its preparatory methods. Besides, venesection, surgical operations and meducaments in diseases of eye, ear, nose, throat, mouth and teeth are also described. Thus the book will serve not only as a faithful guide for Ayurvedic practitioners but also as important material for Research for modern physicians and surgeons.

 

About the Author

 

Prof. P.V. Sharma is well known for his valuable contributions in the field of Ayurveda. During the last five decades he has written on various aspects of Ayurveda-literary as well as scientific, conceptual as well as historical.

 

Born on 1st November 1920 in a small village near patna, in the family of traditional vaidyas. He gradually acquired highest degrees in Ayurveda, Sanskrit and Hindi and held highest Posts in academic and administrative fields. In Bihar, he was for many years, Principal of the Govt. Ayurvedic College and Dy. Director of Health Services (LM.). Finally, he was appointed as Professor of Dravyaguna, also as Head, and later Director of the Postgraduate Institute of Indian Medicine in the Banaras Hindu University. He retired in 1980.

 

Prof. Sharma has been participating in international Conferences abroad and has been associated with several committees on Ayurveda on national level. He has authored 40 books and has about 450 published papers to his credit.

 

Introduction

 

First of all, we record thanks to the Indian National Commission for History of Science for academic guidance and financial support for completing the monograph.

 

The text on medicine composed by Cakrapanidatta, the illustrious commentator on the Caraka-Samhita, is entitled as ‘Cikitsasangraha’ commonly known as ‘Cakradatta’ presumably on the author’s name as the ‘Ruqviniscaya’ of Madhavakara became popular as the ‘Madhavanidana’. This work set a historical landmark in development of medical principles and practices in India. It inaugurated the medieval period and played a significant role in shaping the Indian medicine in later centuries and had impact even up to the modern times.

 

Niscala Kara (13th cent. A.D.) wrote an exhaustive and scholarly commentary on the Cakradatta entitled as ‘Ratnaprabha’. Unfortunately its-exhaustiveness proved to be a demerit and perhaps due to this it lost its popularity gr~iduallyl and as such Sivadasa Sena (15th cent. A.D.) wrote another commentary based on the above but quite abridged which practically replaced it and continued as the only commentary on such an important work.

 

Date of Cakrapanidatta-Fortunatelly, we have informations direct from the author himself as furnished by him at the end of the Cakradatta and Ayurvedadipika. As interpreted by Sivadasa, according to this, Cakrapani belonged to the Lodhrabali (Datta) family. His father Narayana was kitchen-superintendent and minister of the king of Gauda (Nayapala) and his elder brother, Bhanu, was attached as antaranga (court-physician) to the king. The date of Nayapala is 1038-1055 AD. Therefore, the date of Cakrapanidatta is generally accepted as 1060 AD. D.e. Bhattacharya, twisting the above stanza containing the informations, says that Cakrapantdatta himself and not his father was minister to the king and as such his date should be fixed as 1040-60 AD. But this argument is not convincing and thus Meulenbeld is right in pushing it forward. In my view, Cakrapani himself seems to be attached to king Ramapala rather than Niscala Kara his commentator as proposed by Bhattacharya. The argument for this is the formulation ‘Ramamandura’ (27.42-45), which is most probably named after Ramapala. There was a practice of authors to name some of the formulations after his patron. For instance, there is one ‘Simhana Curna’ in Sodhala’s Gadanigraha which is evidently named after king Simhana of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri. Commenting on the name ‘Ramamandura’ both ‘Niscala and Sivadasa say that it is named so because it is formulated by Rama.

 

The word ‘Bhanoranu’ suggests more than what is interpreted. It does not mean only that Cakrapani was younger than Bhanu but also that he succeeded him as antaranga of Gaudadhinatha which might be Ramapala. The date of Ramapala is 1077-1120 A.D. therefore, there is enough scope for pushing the date of Cakrapanidatta further to 1 100 A.D.

 

The reference of king Ramapala visiting the Bhisanmahasatramandapa (O.P.D.) of the Arogyasala (Royal Hospital) after giving audience to the king of Kamarupa, to my view, relates to Cakrapani himself and this anecdote passed through tradition to Niscala Kara who recorded it in his commentary.

 

At one place, Raviqupta is said to be ‘adurantara’ (not very far) from Cakrapani but it is only in contrast to Susruta who is very far.

 

CONTENTS
1 Treatment of fever 3-42
2 Treatment of fever associated with diarrhoea 43-46
3 Treatment of diarrhoea 47-60
4 Treatment of grahani 61-72
5 Treatment of piles 73-90
6 Treatment of deficient digestion 91-102
7 Treatment of worms 103-105
8 Treatment of anaemia 106-112
9 Treatment of innate haemorrhage 113-123
10 Treatment of consumption 124-134
11 Treatment of cough 135-144
12 Treatment of hiccough and dyspnoea 145-149
13 Treatment of hoarseness of voice 150-152
14 Treatment of anorexia 153-155
15 Treatment of vomiting 156-160
16 Treatment of polydipsia 161-164
17 Treatment of fainting 165-166
18 Treatment of alcoholism 167-169
19 Treatment of burning sensation 170-171
20 Treatment of insanity 172-178
21 Treatment of epilepsy 179-182
22 Treatment of vatavyadhi 183-214
23 Treatment of vatarakta 215-223
24 Treatment of paraplegia 224-226
25 Treatment of amavata 227-236
26 Treatment of colic 237-248
27 Treatment of parinamasula 249-258
28 Treatment of upward movement of vayu 259-262
29 Treatment of hardness of bowels 263-265
30 Treatment of abdominal lump 266-277
31 Treatment of heart disease 278-283
32 Treatment of dysuria 283-288
33 Treatment of retention of urine 289-292
34 Treatment of calclus 293-299
35 Treatment of prameha 300-307
36 Treatment of obesity 308-312
37 Treatment of abdominal enlargement 313-321
38 Treatment of spleen-liver 322-327
39 Treatment of obedema 328-336
40 Treatment of scrotal enlargement 337-341
41 Treatment of goiter, cervical and tumour 342-350
42 Treatment of filarial 351-354
43 Treatment of abscess 355-357
44 Treatment of inflammation 358-371
45 Treatment of sinus 372-375
46 Treatment of fistula-in-ano 376-379
47 Treatment of soft chancre 380-382
48 Treatment of sukadosa 383-384
49 Treatment of fracture 385-388
50 Treatment of leprosy 389-409
51 Treatment of allergic manifestations 410-411
52 Treatment of acid gastritis 412-419
53 Treatment of erysipelas and boils 420-426
54 Treatment of chicken pox 427-433
55 Treatment of minor diseases 434-450
56 Treatment of diseases of mouth 451-468
57 Treatment of ear 469-476
58 Treatment of nose 477-481
59 Treatment of eye 482-514
60 Treatment of head diseases 515-523
61 Treatment of menorrhagia, metrorrhaiga 524-527
62 Treatment of female genital tract 528-535
63 Treatment of women diseases 536-544
64 Treatment of children diseases 545-566
65 Treatment of poisoning 567-572
66 Promotive therapy 573-594
67 Aphrodisiac therapy 595-601
68 On unction 602-606
69 On sudation 607-609
70 On emesis 610-613
71 On purgation 614-618
72 On unctuous enema 619-624
73 On non unctuous enema 625-629
74 Nasal therapy 630-633
75 On smoking 634-635
76 On gargles 636-637
77 Eye drops, collyrium, saturation 638-642
78 Venesection 643-646
79 Code of conduct for the healthy 647-653
Appendix I: Plant names with botanical identification 654-708
Appendix II:Units of weight with metric equivalents 709
Index
I Diseases 710-714
II Drug formulation 715-729
III General 730-731

 

Sample Pages




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CAKRADATTA: A Treatise On Principles And Practices Of Ayurvedi Medicine

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About the Book

 

Cakradatta or Cikitsasangraha saringraha of Sri Cakrapanidatta (11th Cent. A.D.) is an authoritative work on Ayurvedic Medicine dealing. exhaustively and lucidly with principles and practices. It has been remained, for the last about 2000 years, a popular handbook for the physicians of Ayurveda and a source book for the later compilations on Medicine.

 

Though Cakradatta followed Vrnda he excelled the latter by adding many single drugs and compound formulations particularly the mercurial compounds which are absent in Vrnda’s work. This clearly draws a line between the ancient and the medieval periods the Cakradatta being the first representative work of the latter. Thus the Cakradatta is not valuable only for its contributions in medicine but also as an important historical landmark.

 

In past years a number of sanskrit works in Ayurveda have been translated into English but so far no works was available on Ayurvedic Medicine. This edition serves this purpose and has been intended for those who are interested in Ayurvedic Medicine, its principles and practices, and are curious to know more in this subject.

 

In 79 chapters this book covers almost the entire field of Ayurvedic Medicine including Pancakarma and its preparatory methods. Besides, venesection, surgical operations and meducaments in diseases of eye, ear, nose, throat, mouth and teeth are also described. Thus the book will serve not only as a faithful guide for Ayurvedic practitioners but also as important material for Research for modern physicians and surgeons.

 

About the Author

 

Prof. P.V. Sharma is well known for his valuable contributions in the field of Ayurveda. During the last five decades he has written on various aspects of Ayurveda-literary as well as scientific, conceptual as well as historical.

 

Born on 1st November 1920 in a small village near patna, in the family of traditional vaidyas. He gradually acquired highest degrees in Ayurveda, Sanskrit and Hindi and held highest Posts in academic and administrative fields. In Bihar, he was for many years, Principal of the Govt. Ayurvedic College and Dy. Director of Health Services (LM.). Finally, he was appointed as Professor of Dravyaguna, also as Head, and later Director of the Postgraduate Institute of Indian Medicine in the Banaras Hindu University. He retired in 1980.

 

Prof. Sharma has been participating in international Conferences abroad and has been associated with several committees on Ayurveda on national level. He has authored 40 books and has about 450 published papers to his credit.

 

Introduction

 

First of all, we record thanks to the Indian National Commission for History of Science for academic guidance and financial support for completing the monograph.

 

The text on medicine composed by Cakrapanidatta, the illustrious commentator on the Caraka-Samhita, is entitled as ‘Cikitsasangraha’ commonly known as ‘Cakradatta’ presumably on the author’s name as the ‘Ruqviniscaya’ of Madhavakara became popular as the ‘Madhavanidana’. This work set a historical landmark in development of medical principles and practices in India. It inaugurated the medieval period and played a significant role in shaping the Indian medicine in later centuries and had impact even up to the modern times.

 

Niscala Kara (13th cent. A.D.) wrote an exhaustive and scholarly commentary on the Cakradatta entitled as ‘Ratnaprabha’. Unfortunately its-exhaustiveness proved to be a demerit and perhaps due to this it lost its popularity gr~iduallyl and as such Sivadasa Sena (15th cent. A.D.) wrote another commentary based on the above but quite abridged which practically replaced it and continued as the only commentary on such an important work.

 

Date of Cakrapanidatta-Fortunatelly, we have informations direct from the author himself as furnished by him at the end of the Cakradatta and Ayurvedadipika. As interpreted by Sivadasa, according to this, Cakrapani belonged to the Lodhrabali (Datta) family. His father Narayana was kitchen-superintendent and minister of the king of Gauda (Nayapala) and his elder brother, Bhanu, was attached as antaranga (court-physician) to the king. The date of Nayapala is 1038-1055 AD. Therefore, the date of Cakrapanidatta is generally accepted as 1060 AD. D.e. Bhattacharya, twisting the above stanza containing the informations, says that Cakrapantdatta himself and not his father was minister to the king and as such his date should be fixed as 1040-60 AD. But this argument is not convincing and thus Meulenbeld is right in pushing it forward. In my view, Cakrapani himself seems to be attached to king Ramapala rather than Niscala Kara his commentator as proposed by Bhattacharya. The argument for this is the formulation ‘Ramamandura’ (27.42-45), which is most probably named after Ramapala. There was a practice of authors to name some of the formulations after his patron. For instance, there is one ‘Simhana Curna’ in Sodhala’s Gadanigraha which is evidently named after king Simhana of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri. Commenting on the name ‘Ramamandura’ both ‘Niscala and Sivadasa say that it is named so because it is formulated by Rama.

 

The word ‘Bhanoranu’ suggests more than what is interpreted. It does not mean only that Cakrapani was younger than Bhanu but also that he succeeded him as antaranga of Gaudadhinatha which might be Ramapala. The date of Ramapala is 1077-1120 A.D. therefore, there is enough scope for pushing the date of Cakrapanidatta further to 1 100 A.D.

 

The reference of king Ramapala visiting the Bhisanmahasatramandapa (O.P.D.) of the Arogyasala (Royal Hospital) after giving audience to the king of Kamarupa, to my view, relates to Cakrapani himself and this anecdote passed through tradition to Niscala Kara who recorded it in his commentary.

 

At one place, Raviqupta is said to be ‘adurantara’ (not very far) from Cakrapani but it is only in contrast to Susruta who is very far.

 

CONTENTS
1 Treatment of fever 3-42
2 Treatment of fever associated with diarrhoea 43-46
3 Treatment of diarrhoea 47-60
4 Treatment of grahani 61-72
5 Treatment of piles 73-90
6 Treatment of deficient digestion 91-102
7 Treatment of worms 103-105
8 Treatment of anaemia 106-112
9 Treatment of innate haemorrhage 113-123
10 Treatment of consumption 124-134
11 Treatment of cough 135-144
12 Treatment of hiccough and dyspnoea 145-149
13 Treatment of hoarseness of voice 150-152
14 Treatment of anorexia 153-155
15 Treatment of vomiting 156-160
16 Treatment of polydipsia 161-164
17 Treatment of fainting 165-166
18 Treatment of alcoholism 167-169
19 Treatment of burning sensation 170-171
20 Treatment of insanity 172-178
21 Treatment of epilepsy 179-182
22 Treatment of vatavyadhi 183-214
23 Treatment of vatarakta 215-223
24 Treatment of paraplegia 224-226
25 Treatment of amavata 227-236
26 Treatment of colic 237-248
27 Treatment of parinamasula 249-258
28 Treatment of upward movement of vayu 259-262
29 Treatment of hardness of bowels 263-265
30 Treatment of abdominal lump 266-277
31 Treatment of heart disease 278-283
32 Treatment of dysuria 283-288
33 Treatment of retention of urine 289-292
34 Treatment of calclus 293-299
35 Treatment of prameha 300-307
36 Treatment of obesity 308-312
37 Treatment of abdominal enlargement 313-321
38 Treatment of spleen-liver 322-327
39 Treatment of obedema 328-336
40 Treatment of scrotal enlargement 337-341
41 Treatment of goiter, cervical and tumour 342-350
42 Treatment of filarial 351-354
43 Treatment of abscess 355-357
44 Treatment of inflammation 358-371
45 Treatment of sinus 372-375
46 Treatment of fistula-in-ano 376-379
47 Treatment of soft chancre 380-382
48 Treatment of sukadosa 383-384
49 Treatment of fracture 385-388
50 Treatment of leprosy 389-409
51 Treatment of allergic manifestations 410-411
52 Treatment of acid gastritis 412-419
53 Treatment of erysipelas and boils 420-426
54 Treatment of chicken pox 427-433
55 Treatment of minor diseases 434-450
56 Treatment of diseases of mouth 451-468
57 Treatment of ear 469-476
58 Treatment of nose 477-481
59 Treatment of eye 482-514
60 Treatment of head diseases 515-523
61 Treatment of menorrhagia, metrorrhaiga 524-527
62 Treatment of female genital tract 528-535
63 Treatment of women diseases 536-544
64 Treatment of children diseases 545-566
65 Treatment of poisoning 567-572
66 Promotive therapy 573-594
67 Aphrodisiac therapy 595-601
68 On unction 602-606
69 On sudation 607-609
70 On emesis 610-613
71 On purgation 614-618
72 On unctuous enema 619-624
73 On non unctuous enema 625-629
74 Nasal therapy 630-633
75 On smoking 634-635
76 On gargles 636-637
77 Eye drops, collyrium, saturation 638-642
78 Venesection 643-646
79 Code of conduct for the healthy 647-653
Appendix I: Plant names with botanical identification 654-708
Appendix II:Units of weight with metric equivalents 709
Index
I Diseases 710-714
II Drug formulation 715-729
III General 730-731

 

Sample Pages




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