The present book is a critical exposition
of the Sabdakhanda of the Bhasapariccheda
of Visvanatha Pancanana. The book is
divided into two parts. The first part
comprises of the Introduction which again
consists of sub-divisions which are devoted
to a general survey of Indian philosophy
with special reference to the Nyaya-
Vaisesika school; the details about the
Bhasapariccheda; and lastly with the
Pramanas and the various aspects of the
concepts of Sabda and Sabdabodha.
The second part of the present work is an
exposition of the text of the Sabdakhanda.
Here the Karika is given first, then it is
followed by a translation and a general
exposition. Then the relevant Vritti is
presented piecemeal followed by critical
and comparative exposition word for word.
Dr. Ashok Kumar Goswami is presently
in the Department of Sanskrit, Gauhati
I had the pleasure and privilege of studying the Bhasapariccheda
as a text book in the M.A. Class of the Gauhati University during
the years 1959-1961. During that period I developed a keen
interest in epistemological studies. Later on I had the scope to
teach the second chapter of the Sahityadarpana in the M.A.
classes of the Gauhati University.
In respect of the contents of the Sabdakhanda of the Bhasapariccheda and the second chapter of the Darpana, there are a
number of points of agreement and disagreement. As I explained
things to my students and tried to reconcile the trends of these two
different texts, I came to realise that the Sabdakhanda itself
requires a more comprehensive exposition. Thus, I had been toy-
ing with the idea of studying the said Sabdakhanda more
seriously as a research project for over a decade or so. But the idea
could not be more promptly translated into action mainly
because of physical disabilities.
The present work is an abridged form of my Ph.D. thesis ‘The
Sabda Khanda Of The Bhasapariccheda’.
The scheme of the present work is somewhat unusual in as
much as it is in the form of a running commentary written in
English. It is divided into two broad parts. The first part com-
prises of the Introduction which again consists of three sub-
sections A.B. & C. The section A is devoted to a general survey of
Indian Philosophy with special reference to the Nyaya-vaisesika
school. The section B is devoted to the details about the Bhasa
pariccheda and the section C is concerned with the Pramanas
and the various aspects of the concepts of Sabda and Sabdabodha.
The second part of the present work is an exposition of the text
of the Sabdakhanda. Here the Karika is given first, then it is
followed by a translation and a general exposition. Then the relevant Vrtti is presented piecemeal. Each piece of the Vrtti is
followed by critical and comparative exposition word for
I have no words to express my deep sense of gratitude to my
preceptor Professor Dr. Mukunda Madhava Sharma, M.A.,
Ph.D., D. Litt, Kavyatirtha, for his ungrudging guidance and
untiring help offered to me during the preparation of my disertatation. I must put on record that the present work is entirely an
outcome of his constant guidance, pressure and inspiration.
I have been suffering from an obstinate type of eye-disease
since childhood. Ever since the days of my preparation for the
Matriculation Examination the books had to be read out to me by
my friends and relatives. In case of the present work also I
received the help of a host of students, of whom I must never fail
to name with a deep sense of gratitude, a few such as Dr. Rajendra
Nath Sharma, now an esteemed colleague and Shri Dipak Kumar
I remain extremely thankful to my wife Smt. Beena Devi Goswami, M.A. LL.B for relieving me of all the domestic responsibilities during the period of my more serious studies.
Sincere thanks are also due to Messrs Indian Books Centre,
Delhi for kindly accepting the work for publication.
I shall feel myself amply rewarded if the works comes to serve
the purpose of readers in the field. Let me now conclude with the
select saying of the great poet Kalidasa,—
‘a paritosad vidusam na sadhu manye prayogavijnam’.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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