The Central Institute of Indian Languages was set up
on the 17th July, 1969 with a view to assisting and co-ordinating
the development of Indian languages. The Institute was charged
with the responsibility of serving as a nucleus to bring together
all the research and literary output from the various linguistic
streams to a common head and narrowing the gap between basic
research and developmental research in the fields of languages and
linguistics in India.
The Institute and its four Regional Language Centres are thus
engaged in research and teaching which led to the publication of a
wide-ranging variety of materials. Preparation of materials
designed for teaching/learning at different levels and suited to
specific needs is one of the major areas of interest of the Institute.
Basic research relating to the acquisition of language and study of
language in its manifold psycho-social relations constitute another
broad range of its interest. The publications will include materials
produced by the members of the staff of the Central Institute of
Indian Languages and its Regional Language Centres and
associated scholars from universities and institutions, both Indian
The Central Institute of Indian Languages has initiated the
Phonetic Reader Series in Indian languages with a view to presenting
the range of phonetic variation obtaining in this sub-continent
and demonstrating the closeness of language on the basis of
phonetic patterning. These Readers are biased towards learning
the sound systems of languages. Thus it is hoped that this series
will be of interest to both scholars who are interested in phonetic
studies and practical learners of languages who wish to make a
beginning in their language study.
If these materials help solving the problems in the State and
help in understanding the people speaking the language, then our
efforts will have been amply rewarded.
The Census of India 1961 enumerates 1652 mother tongues
in the country. Besides the languages listed in the Eighth
Schedule of the Indian constitution, there are many other
languages, tribal as well as non-tribal, with substantial number
of mother tongue speakers. Such languages belong to any one of
the four language families represented in India. Ladakhi, a
language belonging to the Sino-Tibetan sub-family, is one of
them. Ladakhi is spoken in the Ladakh District of Jammu &
Kashmir State by 52,714 speakers (according to the Census of
A large number of Ladakhi speakers belong to Buddhist
faith. Ladakhi is prevalent mostly as a means of oral communication among its speakers. They used Tibetan language for
education, literary expression and religious tradition till recently.
During the last 25 years a new generation of Ladakhi
speakers has come up which has been educated in India and is
now working for the development of Ladakhi language as a
means of school education as well as literary expressions.
As Ladakhi is mainly a language of oral communication
it has developed different regional varieties like Stopta,
Shamma, Nubra, Zanskar and Leh. Among these, Leh variety in
considered standard and is being developed as such. Not only
are there regional variations at the phonological and grammatical
levels among Ladakhi dialects, there is language variation correlated to the social stratification of the speech community. Thus
there are differences between the language of the monks and the
common man. There is also an impact of Tibetan on different
linguistic levels of Ladakhi. Thus the Ladakhi speech situation
is quite complex.
As Ladakhi is sought to be introduced at by the lower levels
of education there is an urgent necessity of studying the language
in all its aspects, The Central Institute of Indian languages under
its Tribal and Border Languages Research Programme has under-
taken a comprehensive study of Ladakhi. The Institute is
preparing a phonetic reader, a synchronic grammar, a multilingual
dictionary and instructional materials. The Institute has also
collected a vast amount of folk literature, folk songs as well as
folk narrations, which are being analysed, edited and translated
for publication. It is visualised that with the completion of this
intended package of research a study of background language
materials in the language would have been completed.
The present study is based mainly on the Central Ladakhi
variety (as spoken in Leh), which is considered as the stand aid
variety. However, adequate material was collected on language
variation in Ladakhi and prominent phonological as well as
phonetic variations are pointed out in this Reader.
The present Phonetic Reader differs to an extent from other
publications in the series in terms of the order of presentation as
well as emphasis. Thus Ladakhi sounds are described only as
allophones of different phonemes to which they belong. Comprehensive and detailed analysis of the Tibetan writing system as
used for Ladakhi is also presented and shapes of letters used in
fast and slow handwriting, etc., are also given.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
Your email address will not be published *
Send as free online greeting card
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders, receiving discounts, and lots more...
Email a Friend