One of the primary activities of the Institute relating to its
work on tribal languages is writing a grammar. The grammar
is not only the first step in the direction of codification of the
language but also is a basic material for the teaching and learning of the language. It also provides materials for the typological
and areal comparisons for languages and for studies of language
universals. The theoretical notions about grammar have changed
substantially in the recent decades and many of the notions are
to be tested with data from various little-known languages. It
is hoped that the grammar series of the Institute will fulfil at
least partially these demands from linguists and language
The grammars of various tribal languages, it is hoped, will
lead to a handbook of Indian languages, which will be of great
use to the students of linguistic in India. India has a long grammatical tradition and it is now absorbing the grammatical
models developed in the west. It will be a worthy goal to achieve to develop a grammatical model for the description of Indian
languages derived out of both traditional and modern developments.
The organization of the grammar is based on grammatical
functions rather than on grammatical forms. This will help the
new learner to find easily how the different functions, which he
already knows and wants to express, are for mailed in his language. Since this Grammar is primarily meant for pedagogical
purposes, theoretical discussions and justifications for a particular analysis are kept to a minimum. The Grammar. is divided
generally into two broad categories of noun morphology and
verb morphology. A description of adjectives follows noun morphology and a description of adverbs follows verb morphology.
The chapter on syntax describes the order of the constituents
at the surface level. There is also a chapter on word formation,
which describes the ways in which words are formed and new
concept are expressed.
Though the Grammar is primarily aimed at the language
learner and the teacher, it is hoped that it will also be useful to
Linguists interested typology and universals.
Data for the Grammar were collected in the field primarily
from one informant by elicitation through word and sentence
lists. They were then cross-checked with some other informants.
The description may not be exhaustive and there might be gaps.
There might be possibilities for alternative analyses. Comments
and suggestions passed on to us will be useful to improve our
future publications in this series.
The preliminary version of this grammar prepared by Sri
Bal Ram Prasad when he left the Institute was revised to fill in
the gaps and edited for making the press copy by his colleagues
Sri G. Devi Prasad Sastry and Dr. P. T. Abraham. The
data and analysis are that of Sri Bal Ram Prasad and the other
two are not responsible for them. It is sad that Sri Bal Ram
Prasad passed away prematurely before this grammar is published. This book will stand as a testimony for his love for the
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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