As the few separate copies of the Indian Studies No. III,
struck off in 1895, were sold very soon and rather numerous
requests for additional ones were addressed both to me and to
the bookseller of the Imperial Academy, Messrs. Carl Gerold’s
Sohn; I asked the Academy for permission to issue a second
edition, which Mr. Karl J. Tribner had consented to publish.
My petition was readily granted. In addition Messrs. von Hilder,
the publishers of the Wiener Zeitschrift fir die Kunde des
Morgenlandes, kindly allowed me to reprint my article on the
origin of the Kharogthi, which had appeared in vol. [X of that
Journal and is now given in Appendix I. To these two sections
I have added, in Appendix II, a brief review of the arguments
for Dr. Burnell’s hypothesis, which derives the so-called letter-
numerals or numerical symbols of the Brahma alphabet from
the ancient Egyptian numeral signs, together with a third comparative table, in order to include in this volume all those
points, which require fuller discussion, and in order to make
it a serviceable companion to the palaeography of the Grundriss. The chapters on the Brahmi and the Kharosthi have been
throughout revised and the first has been changed most. A new
comparative table of the Semitic and Brahma signs, the same
as has been used for the Grundriss, has been given. The
Additional Note at the end has been omitted, as, since the
appearance of M. Sylvain Lévi’s article? on the Turkish kingdom
of Northwestern India, it is no longer required, and a number
of other alterations and additions has been made in accordance
with the results of further researches.
Thus the list of the passages from the Jaétakas, which
mention writing and written documents, has been considerably
enlarged, the enlargement having become possible chiefly through
references, kindly communicated to me by Professors S. von
Oldenburg (p. 7ff.) and Rhys Davids (p. 120).
The extensive and intimate acquaintance of Lieut. Col.
R. C. Temple with the actualities of daily Indian life has enabled
me to adduce an interesting confirmation of my explanation of
the term ripe which occurs in the oldest known: Indian trivism
(p. 14, rote 3)
A valuable paper by Dr. von Rosthorn, based on Chinese
sources, has furnished a correction of the interpretation which
I formerly put on Hiucn Tsiang’s statement that in the seventh
century A.D the instruction of the young Hindus began with
the twelve chung (p. 30). It now appears that the twelve chang
were twelve tables of simple and compound letters, of which
the varnamala or matykaviveka of the period consisted. And a
communication from Dr. B. Liebich (p. 120-f.) has put me in.
possession of the proof that the Bengal schoolmasters until a
very recent period used a set of twelve such tables, called phala
or in Sanskrit phalaka, which term the Chinese expressions
chang and fan probably are intended to render.
Dr. Grierson’s important researches at Mahabodhi Gaya,
the results of which lately have been reprinted in the Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1896, p. 52ff., have made
it necessary to rewrite the passage (p. 31f.) on the remnants
of the masons’ alphabet, found there by Sir A. Cunningham,
though the general conclusions to be drawn from them’ remain
the same. A communication, kindly placed at my disposal by
M. Sylvain Lévi, has furnished from Chinese sources a distinct
tradition (p. 33), asserting that the signs for the liquid vowels
really are later additions to the Brahma alphabet, as the statement of the Jaina scriptures regarding the original number of
its characters and the palaeographic evidence suggested. Mr.
Rapson’s discovery of syllables, both in Brahmi and Kharostht,
on the Persian sigloi (pp. 51, 113) has further corroborated
the conclusions regarding the early prevalence of both alpha-
bets in Northwestern India and has raised a strong presumption
that both alphabets were used in the same districts already
in the fourth century B. C. during the Akhaemenian period.
Finally, Mr. Takukusu’s article on Pali Elements in Chinese
has brought us the news that the tradition, asserting an early
preservation of the Buddhist scriptures in MSS., is more ancient
than the statement in the Life of Hiuen Tsiang could lead us to
suppose, and nearly, if not quite as old as the contradictory statement of the Dipavamsa and the Mahavamsa (p. 91, nete). And the
most important discovery of a Kharosthi MS. at Khotan shows that
during the Kusana period Buddhist MSS. did exist in Northern
India and probably had been in use for some time (p. 122f.).
**Contents and Sample Pages**
Your email address will not be published *
Send as free online greeting card
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders, receiving discounts, and lots more...
Email a Friend