Vidyalankara, Sastra-Chudamani, Sangita-Kalaratna, Professor Saligrama Krishna Ramachandra Rao is a well-known
scholar who combines
traditional learning with modern research. Well-versed in Sanskrit, Pali, Ardhamagadhi and several modern
Indian languages and acquainted
with Tibetan and some European languages. He has written extensively on Vedanta, Buddhism. Jainism, Indian
Culture. Art and Literature.
In his professional career, however, he was a Professor of
Psychology. He has headed the Department of Clinical
Psychology in the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, and the Department of
Indian Culture in the Callison
College Study Centre of the University of the Pacific (USA). At present, he is the Senior Associate of National
Institute of Advanced Studies
(Indian Institute of Science). Bangalore, and Guest Faculty, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.
He has been Member of Karnataka State Lalitha Kala Academi and Sangita Nritya Academi he has served on the
Agama Board (Govt. of
Karnataka). He is President of Silpa-Kala Pratishtana. The Govt. of Karnataka has honoured him with the 1986
Rajyotsava Award, He is on the
Advisory Committee of the T.T.D. He has received awards from Lalita-Kala Academi and Sangita Nritya Academi.
He has written more than sixty books in Kannada, a play in Sanskrit, and a Pali commentary on Buddhist classic.
One of his books on
Iconography in Kannada has won the State Sahitya Academi Award, as also another of his books on the Tirupati
Among his numerous English publications are three vol’s. of Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine, (Popular
Prakashan, Mumbai), Tibetan Tantrik
Tradition and Tibetan Meditation (Arnold Heinemann, Delhi). Consciousness in Advaita, and a series of six books
on Indian Temples (IBH
Prakashana, Bangalore) and Origins of Indian Thought (Bangalore University); Kalpatharu Research Academy has
Pratima-Kosha in six vol,s. Agama-Kosha in twelve vol’s, Art and Architecture of Indian Temples in three
He is also a musicologist, a sculptor and painter, and has held some one-man shows. He presided over the Music
Gayana-Samaja in Bangalore for the year 1990.
The Kalpatharu Research Academy, Bangalore is an Institution running with the benign blessings of his Holiness
Sri Sri Bharathi Theertha Mahaswamiji under the auspicious of Dakshinamnaya Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham.
Established in 1981,
Kalpatharu Research Academy has strided across the horizon of Indological Research and Publications with giant
steps, and today stands as
an Institution known for its unique quality of Research work.
Kalpatharu Research Academy is dedicated to the cause of preservation of the ancient heritage of India; it has
encouraged Research in the
fields of Agama, Veda, Tantra, Jyoutisha, Mantra Sastra, Vastu, Yoga, Silpa, Ayurveda etc.
Among its prestigious publications (numbering more than seventy till now), are Six Vol’s. of Pratima-Kosha,
Twelve Vol’s of Agama-Kosha,
Three Vol’s. of the Art and Architecture of Indian Temples, and several Koshas like Ganesha-Kosha, Lalita-Kosha
and Navagraha Kosha,
Oshadhi-Kosha, Salagrama-Kosha etc.
The Academy has plans of undertaking intensive Research in the field of Veda and Vedanga, and intends
“Bharatiya-Samskriti-Sarvasva-Kosha” an Encyclopaedic work in several volumes dealing with all aspects of
Indian Tradition and Culture. It
seeks to promote Education, Culture, Science, Art, and learning in all its branches. The approach will he
broad- based and
An extensive, comprehensive and specialist reference library has been built up to assist the Research Workers
in the Indological disciplines. A
valuable collection of Palm-Leaf manuscripts relating to Veda, Vedanta, Vedanga and allied subjects has already
been made; the collection
work is continuing.
Dakshinamnaya Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham has t running a Guru-Kula type of Institution on traditional lines
to impart Vedic Education at
several places. Some of these Institutions are over 100 years old. It is the intention of Kalpatharu Research
Academy to take an active part in
continuing this age-old tradition and act as the Research & Publication wing for these Institutions.
Our ambition is to develop as a National Centre for higher learning in Veda, Vedanga and Shastras and
facilitate the propagation of unique
Sanskrit and Vedic Texts in the National and International arena.
This Publication is the Sixty-ninth of its achievement in this field.
The Kalpatharu Research Academy, Bangalore, feels happy and proud that the prestigious series of volumes on
Rgveda-Darsana is promptly
seeing the light of the day in quick succession. This year we have brought out another volume in the series,
the Fifth one, entitled Vishnu-Suktani
(Part One). It presents the hymns ascribed to Vishnu in the Rgvedic Corpus. This volume includes also in the
form of an appendix, a rare and
important text, Rigvidhana, which is of invaluable help in understanding the Vedic hymns. We do hope that the
scholarly world will recognize the
contributions that the Kalpatharu Research Academy is making towards enriching our indological literature.
As in the case of our previous publications, Vidyalankara, Sastra Chudamani, Prof. S.K. Ramachandra Rao has
spared no pains in making this
volume extremely useful to the students of the Vedas. A Volume like this has rarely appeared; it is a monument
of erudition and insight. He has
thrown fresh light on the Vishnu imagery in Rgveda. The Academy is grateful to him for this service to the
cause of Vedic learning through the
The Academy also places on record the munificent blessings of the Jagadguru of Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham,
His holiness Sri Sri Sri
Bharati Tirtha Mahaswamiji, and the gracious interest in the project by the Chairman of the Academy, Shri V.R.
Gowrishankar who is the
administrator of Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham. The Academy is also grateful to the officers of the Ministry of
Human Resource Development,
Govt. of India. as well as of the Ministry of Education Govt. of Kamataka, Bangalore for interest in and
support of its Research Programs.
M/s. Omkar Offset Printers have as usual done an excellent job in the production of this volume. The Academy is
grateful to them.
It continues with the portion of Rgvedic corpus dealing with the hymns to Vishnu (Vishnu-Suktani, Part two).
envisages the presentation of the traditional interpretation of Rgveda. This will be followed by volumes
dealing with Surya (Saura-Suktani).
It resolves to rise to higher heights in course of time.
We are grateful to Professor S.K. Ramachandra Rao, who has taken great pains to prepare this volume on
Vishnu-Suktani which has come out
in three parts. The present part completes the volume, which we are sure marks in important milestone in Vedic
research. It is a work of
profound scholarship and traditional insight.
Among the Suktas of Rgveda, the ones that are most extensively used and that are philosophically most
significant are those that have Vishnu
and Indra as Devatas. Of the forty-five suktas that are included here, there are sUktas which are ascribed
Indra and Vishnu together (Indra
Vishnu). The relatedness of lndra and Vishnu is an important issue in Vedic exegesis; its symbolism is very
significant. The traditional
interpretation focusses attention on this. The present volume seeks to present this point of view.
I am grateful to Daivajna K.N. Somayaji, Director of the Kalpatharu Research Academy for having provided this
opportunity to me and also to
the Chief Patron of the Academy, Sri Sri Sri Bharathi Tirtha Swamiji of Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham, and to
the Chairman of the Academy Sri
V.R. Gowrishankar for their interest and support.
I am beholden to Sri Venkatesh Babu and Sri Nagendra of the Omkar Offset Printers for their courtesy and
co-operation, while this volume was
This is the second part of Vishu-Suktani, which constitutes the fifth, sixth and seventh volumes of
Rgveda-Darsana. Out of the forty-five mantras
devoted to Vishnu in the Rgvedic corpus, eighteen were covered in volume Five, and another twelve in the
present volume, volume Six. The
remaining mantras will be taken up in the subsequent volume. We have thought it important to present authentic
and ancient texts relating to
Vedic study like Saunaka’s Rgvidhana and Anukramanis. These are included in the volumes on Rgveda-Darsana in
the form of
The present volume completes the Rgvedic hymns addressed to Vishnu. The Vishnu Suktas, forty-five in number,
are an important contribution
to the crystallization of the Vishnu ideology, wide spread and persisting in the country. I have attempted in
these three parts to present the
traditional interpretation of the great Sukta, highlighting the adhyatma aspect.
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