There are totally eighteen Puranas, which are considered to have been written
by sage Vedavyasa. There are three divisions in these Puranas called sattvic, rajasic
and tamasic. The sattvic Puranas stress the supremacy of Lord Vishnu. Amongst
such Puranas Srimadbhagavatam occupies the foremost place.
It has a pre-eminent place even amongst the sattvic Puranas. This is
corroborated by the fact that sage Vyasa who did not derive mental peace even after
writing works like Mahabharata, could get it only after composing Srimadbhagavatam
on the advice of Narada. This epic describes the divine birth and marvelous acts of
T.T.D. has decided to publish Sanskrit Bhagavatam in 14 volumes with
three famous commentaries expounding Advaita, Visishtadwaita and Dwaita systems.
The scholars who worked in the Bhagavata project, have completed the editing of
this work successfully. Ten Skandhas (12 volumes) of Bhagavatam have been brought
out with this volume. The remaining two Skandhas also would be published soon.
The T.T.D. expresses its gratitude to all the scholars who completed the editing
of this work with devotion. It is hoped that the readers would receive this volume
well and make the TTD's efforts fruitful.
There are number of books which eulogies the splendor of Lord Srimannarayana.
Srimadbhagavatam occupies the foremost place amongst them all On the advice of
sage Narada, Vedavyasa composed Bhagavatam describing the divine qualities of the
Lord, and derived the required mental peace. Bhagavatam, the best amongst the Puranas,
is considered the fruit fallen from the wish-fulfilling-tree (Kalpavruksha).
It contains 12 Skandhas, of which this volume is the third. The Mahapurana
contains ten characteristics. They are (1) Sarga, (2) Visarga, (3) Sthana, (4) Poshana,
(5) Uti, (6) Manvantara, (7) Eshanukatha, (8) Nirodha, (9) Mukti and(10) Asraya .
. The first characteristic, that is Sarga, is depicted in this Skandha. Sarga is
explained as follows: under the direction of the Lord, the three Gunas get shaken,
thereby, producing the five elements, primary sensations, Indriyas, Ahankara and
Mahatattva. The various definitions of Sarga given by different scholars specify the
There are thirty three chapters in the third Skandha, The first nineteen chapters,
detail the nature of karma (action). The remaining chapters espouse the nature of
In the first part, the birth of Yajnavaraha and His divine actions are extensively
explained. In the second part, incarnation of Kapila and his teachings are elaborated.
In the second chapter of this book, Sri Krishna's boyhood sports are presented
beautifully. Vidura questions Uddhava about the life of Vasudeva. Uddhava reminiscing
the wonderful life of Sri Krishna is over-whelmed by sorrow and recounts the divine
leelas of Lord Krishna.
Thereafter, Vidura meets Maitreya, who explains the gradual evolution of
creation (Sarga). Vidura questions sage Maitreya in his inquisitiveness as to how the
Lord ho is devoid of all kinds of qualities, develops relationship with qualities and
actors etc. Maitreya replies that in actuality the Lord has no relationship with any
quality just as the moon does not have any movement although his reflection in water
appears to be moving.
Brahma, who takes birth from the navel lotus of Vishnu, praises Him in many
ways and surrenders to Him. This can be seen in the ninth chapter.
Srimadbhagavata which describes the various incarnations of the Lord contains
the story of Yajnavarahavatara in the thirteenth chapter. Cursed by Sri Sanaka and other
sages, Jaya and Vijaya the gatekeepers of Vaikuntha take birth as Hiranyaksha and
Hiranyakasipu in the Rakshasa clan, and exhibit extreme hatred towards Lord Vishnu.
In this Skandha the killing of Hiranyaksha by the Lord is described. Hiranyakasipu
meets his death at the hands of the Lord in the seventh Skandha.
Witnessing the death of Hiranyaksha at the hands of Yajnavaraha, Brahmand
other Gods, praise the demon fop his rare opportunity of getting killed by the divine
hands of the Lord, duly perceiving the Lord's face. In this manner the greatness of
devotion is repeatedly narrated in this holy book.
In the twenty third chapters, the honey-moon trips of the couple Kardama and
Devahuti, in the air are excellently described.
In the last part of this Skandha, the birth of Kapila, as a child of Kardama and
Devahuti, is narrated. Kapila teaches the secrets of Bhakti Tattva to his mother Devahuti
extensively, which is the very important part of this book. According to Kapila the mind
entangled in the qualities like Sattva, Rajas and Thamas leads to bondage. Whereas, the
same mind devoted to God, leads to liberation (Mokha). There's no other nobler path
than Bhakti Yoga, to attain Brahman.
Kapila explains the way for attaining liberation through the method of
discrimination of Prakruti and Purusha. He asserts that downfall is inevitable' for those
who are immersed in house-hold activities only.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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