Story of a Bollywood Song: Evolution of Hindi Film Music Through Stories (With CD inside)
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Story of a Bollywood Song: Evolution of Hindi Film Music Through Stories (With CD inside)

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Item Code: NAF612
Author: Vijay Ranchan
Publisher: Abhinav Publication
Language: English
Edition: 2013
ISBN: 9788170175513
Pages: 130 (Throughout Color and )
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.0 Inch X 6.0 Inch
Weight 430 gm
About the Book

Where does the globally acclaimed Oscar- winning A.R. Rahman figure in the history of Indian film music? His work as a versatile composer marks a unique watershed in the evolution of the way songs are composed and recorded in our cinema. This book is a comprehensive overview of an integral aspect of filmmaking in this country - the song. From the Jesuit priest who took his musical organ to the screening of the first Lurniere Brothers films in India and the traditions of Parsi theatre and Marathi natya sangeet to the new sounds and rhythms that Rahul Dev Burman brought into the mix many decades later, it has been one, long, fascinating process. The author traces the journey of innovative composers and gifted singers, the rich, varied and vibrant world of creative musical energy that enriched the sound wave of Bollywood song with Khemchand Prakash bringing Rajasthani folk, Naushad enriching with Ganga-Jamuna culture, Shankar-Jaikishan with Goan light hearted beats. Ghulam Haider discovered Noorjahan and Lata Mangeshkar. R.C. Boral established the Bollywood song with strong foundati ons.

 

About the Author

Vijay Ranchan was born in Lahore. After completing his Master's in English Literature he joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1967. An art lover, poet, writer and convener of INTACH (Ahmedabad chapter) he has been Chairman of REACH (Rural Entrepreneurship in Art and Cultural Heritage), a cultural outfit that organizes the longest cultural heritage festival in Afro-Asia. He has also visited many international Institutes and Universities to give lectures on Hindu religion and cultural heritage, Indian music and Hindi cinema. His collection of poetry "Macchandar Gaan" has been widely appreciated. He has written a digital book titled "Hindi Sahitya ka Cinemakaran".

At present he is associated with the Film & Television Institute of Gandhinagar.

 

Preface

The Story of a Bollywood Song traces the evolution of a Hindi film song from the time of silent movies to the era of talkies. Bol- lywood songs were formed by singing performances of the Parsi Theatre, the Natya Sangeet and by maestros of the Hindustani Classical music. The evolution of a Bollywood song has been depicted in this book through certain incidents and situations during the process of composition. These narrate the contextual background of a song. These stories are illustrative of the gradual as well as simultaneous evolution of Hindi film song as we hear it today. Each milestone in the evolution of a Bollywood song has a story to tell- be it the story of a Jesuit Father, or of the first test recording, or of the mendicant-beggar song, or of a song sung by a princess or a rebel commoner, and so on.

With playback singing emerges the story of Homi Sisters. There are stories related to the pioneers of film music - New Theatres' triumvirate of R.C. Boral, Pankaj Mullick and Timir Baran and the triumvirate of Prabhat Studios, namely, Govind Rao Tembe, Bhole Keshavrao and Master Kishanrao. Ghulam Haider pioneered the Lahore School of Music in Bollywood and discovered Noorjahan and Lata Mangeshkar. His prediction on Lata Mangeshkar's domination of Bollywood music had a utopian ring to it.

There have been great music directors and great singers in the Hindi/Urdu film industry, but this book limits itself to only those singers and music directors who have been trend-setters. The contribution of Noorjahan, Shamshad Begum, Kishore Kumar, Mukesh, Manna Dey and Talat has been immense and so has been the contribution of music directors like Khemchand Prakash, Madan Mohan, Hemant Kumar and Salil Chaudhary. However, the book again limits its scope to singers and music directors who are known to have set up certain milestones and standards. There is a plethora of very popular songs, but we are once again limiting ourselves to representative songs or the songs that are relevant to this narrative. This book is not about the chronology of film music nor is it a critical examination of the Hindi film music. It aims at helping the reader in the 'critical' enjoyment of a film song and the same has been done by adding audio and video CDs.

The book can be enjoyed only if the relevant audio/video clippings are heard and seen while reading the narrative. Audio and video clippings are used only for illustration of the point made or for carrying on with the narration. No audio or video clipping is longer than fifty seconds. No video clipping of any movie after 1953 is more than fifty-nine seconds.

I am grateful to City Pulse Institute of Film and Television, which made its facilities available to me. Harsh Patel, editor in the Institute, helped me in establishing various factual details about the songs and films mentioned in the book and also in editing and making the CDs of audio and video clips. I appreciate his diligence and meticulousness.

The manuscript was critically read by Dr. Ram Thakur and I'm thankful for his editorial inputs.

 

Contents

 

     
  Acknowledgements 9
  Preface 17
1 Sing in the Jesuit Tune 19
2 The Race of Two Parsis 24
3 The Mendicant-Beggar Story 28
4 The Day of the Beggar 32
5 Song from the Dream-Girl 34
6 We do Not Talk But Sing 37
7 The Rebel Commoner 40
8 The Bengal Ranaissance 42
9 Maratha Nationalism 47
10 The Story of Ghost Voices 51
11 The Tale of Homi Sisters 55
12 Song of English 59
13 The Myth of 'Kali Panch' 64
14 Saigal All the Way 68
15 The Grand Uncle 71
16 Punjabi Exuberance75 75
17 Voice of the Nation 77
18 Ganga-Jamuni Culture 82
19 The Modern Wave 85
20 Film Songs are Hummable 89
21 The Man of the 'Flower' Generation 92
22 The Music for Youth 96
23 The Ghazal 99
24 The Thumri 103
25 The Bhajan 106
26 The Qawwali 109
27 The Item Song 112
28 The Rise of Arrangers 116
29 The Classicists are forever 118
30 The Voice that Never Ages 121
31 A Voice for all the Seasons 125
32 The Global Man 128

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