The Buddha Ratnasambhava is one of the five aspects, the Tathagata, that make up the Enlightened One. He is seated at the very centre of the mandala, a resplendent sapphire gathered in His lap. He is clad in robes of red and gold, His halo a deep aquamarine colour. Each aspect of the mandala that surrounds Him - the lines and colours, the motifs and shapes merging and unmerging against each other - bear untold significance in association with Ratnasambhava.
Below the Lord Ratnasambhava mandala is a verdant snatch of the lower Himalayan landscape. Above it is a sky composed of varying shades and tints of blue and delicate wisps of coloured clouds. Together with the Vajrayana deities around the mandala and the mythical creatures on the frame of the painting, these are the common elements of Nepal’s thangka tradition.