Development of Rgvedic Thought: Part Two (Rgveda-Darsana)

Item Code: NAC959
Author: S.K. Ramachandra Rao
Publisher: Kalpatharu Research Academy, Bengaluru
Edition: 2001
Pages: 312 (11 B/W and 2 Color Illustrations)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 10.0 Inch X 7.4 Inch
Weight 800 gm
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Book Description
From the Jacket

Vidyalankara, Sastra-Chudamani, Sangita-Kalaratna, Professor Saligrama Krishna Ramachandra Rao, is a well- known scholar who combines traditional learning with modern research. Well-versed in Sanskrit, Pali, Ardhamagadhi and several modem Indian languages and acquainted with Tibetan and some European languages, he has written extensively on Vedanta, Buddhism, Jainism, Indian Culture, Art and Literature.

In his professional career, however; he was a Professor of Psychology. He has headed the Department of Clinical Psychology in the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, and the Department of Indian Culture in the Callison College Study Centre of the University of the Pacific (USA). At present, he is the Senior Associate of National Institute of Advanced Studies (Indian Institute of Science), Bangalore, and Guest Faculty, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore and member of the Governing Council of TTD (SVCL Research Centre), Tirupati.

He has been Member of Karnataka State Lalitha Kala Academi and Sangita Nritya Academi: he has served on the Agama Board (Govt. of Karnataka). He is President of Silpa-Kala Pratishtana. The Govt. of Karnataka has honoured him with the 1986 Rajyotsava Award. He has received awards from Lalita-Kala Academi, Sangita Nritya Academi and Sahitya Academi. He has been the recipient of Veda Sanman (for 2000) by The Maharshi Sandipani Veda Vidya Pratishthan of Ujjaini (Govt. of India, Ministry of HRD).

He has written more than sixty books in Kannada, a play in Sanskrit, and a Pali commentary on a Buddhist classic. One of his books on Iconography in Kannada has won the State Sahitya Academi Award, as also another of his books on the Tirupati Temple.

Among his numerous English publications are three vol’s. of Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine, (Popular Prakashan, Mumbai), Tibetan Tantrik Tradition and Tibetan Meditation (Arnold Heinemann, Delhi), Consciousness in Advaita, and a series of six books on Indian Temples (IBH Prakashana, Bangalore). Origins of Indian Thought (Bangalore University); Kalpatharu Research Academy has published his Pratim-Kosha in six vol’s, Agama-Kosha in twelve vol’s, Art and Architecture of Indian Temples in three vol’s. He has also authored books in Kannada and Sanskrit.

He is at present engaged in the 30-volume project Rgveda-Darsana (Eight Volumes of which hive appeared).

He is also a musicologist, a sculptor and painter, and has held some one-man shows.

About the Publisher

The Kalpatharu Research Academy, Bangalore is an Institution running with the benign blessings of his Holiness Jagadguru Shankaracharya, Sri Sri Bharathi Theertha Mahaswamiji under the auspices of Dakshinamnaya Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham, established in 1981, Kalpatharu Research Academy has strided across the horizon of Indological Research arid Publications with giant steps, and today stands as an Institution known for its unique quality of Research work.

Kalpatharu Research Academy is dedicated to the cause of preservation of the ancient heritage of India; it has encouraged Research in the fields of Agama, Veda, Tantra, Jyoutisha, Mantra-Sastra, Vastu, Yoga, Silpa, Ayurveda etc.

Among its prestigious publications (numbering more than seventy-five till now), are Six Vol’s of Pratima-Kosha, Twelve Vol’s of Agama-Kosha, Three Vol’s of the Art and Architecture of Indian Temples, and several Koshas like Ganesha-Kosha, Lalita-Kosha and Navagraha-Kosha, Oshadhi-Kosha, Salagrama-Kosha, Gita-Kosha, Hanumat-Kosha etc.

The Academy has plans of undertaking intensive Research in the field of Veda and Vedanga, and intends publishing “Bharatiya-Samskriti-Sarvasva-Kosha” an Encyclopaedic work in several volumes dealing with all aspects of Indian Tradition and Culture. It seeks to promote Education, Culture and Science, Art and learning in all its branches. The approach will be broad- based and multi-disciplinary.

An extensive, comprehensive and specialist reference library has been built up to assist the Research Workers in the Indological disciplines. A valuable collection of Palm-Leaf manuscripts relating to Veda, Vedanta, Vedanga and allied subjects has already been made; the collection work is continuing.

Dakshinamnaya Sri Sringeri Sharada Peetham has been running a Guru-Kula type of Institution on traditional lines to impart Vedic Education at several places. Some of these Institutions are over 100 years old. It is the intention of Kalpatharu Research Academy to take an active part in continuing this age-old tradition and act as the Research & Publication wing for these Institutions.

Our ambition is to develop as a National Centre for higher learning in Veda, Vedanga and Shastras and facilitate the propagation of unique Sanskrit and Vedic Texts in the National and International arena.

This Publication is the Seventy-eighth of its achievement in this field.


The project on Bharatiya-Samskriti-Sarvasva-Kosha is continuing with several precious publications on different subjects of lasting value concerning Indian culture. The Academy is proud that it is serving the cause of promoting Indological awareness. The rich cultural heritage of the country is being authentically articulated by steady flow of publications over the years.

The Academy is grateful to Vidyalankara Sastra-Chudamani, Sangita Kalaratna Prof. S.K Ramachandra Rao for his most valuable contributions in our publication venture. He has authored the present volume, as he has done the previous ones and the Academy also places on record the excellent services of the printers in making the publications neat and attractive.

The Academy is greatly indebted to His Holiness Paramapujya Sri Sri Sri Bharati Tirtha Maha Swamiji, the Jagadguru of Shri Sringeri Sharada Peetham, and the chief patron of the Academy, for showering his munificent blessings on the Academy. The Administrator of the Shri Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Shri V R Gowrishankar who is also the chairman of the Academy evinces continuous interest in the Academy’s activities and the Academy is grateful to him.

We also thank the Authorities of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Govt. of India, New Delhi and the Authorities of Ministry of Education, Govt. of Karnataka; and also we thank the printers M/s. Omkar Offset Printers for printing this volume neatly and expeditiously.


This is the second part of the volume on the Development of Rigvedic thought. It is a traditional conviction as also a historical truth that Vedic thought and Vedantic thought are not only a continuum but represent one thought-system. Indologists and scholars in Indian lore have often committed the mistake of looking upon the Vedantic thought as different from the Vedic thought, as an independent growth. They tend to view the Upanishads as not strictly belonging to the Vedic corpus. It is to correct this error that the present volume in two parts has been compiled. All systems of thought in India have grown out of the Upanishads, and the Upanishads represent the conclusions of the Vedic corpus. The Rigvedic ideology finds its fulfilment in Vedanta.

I am grateful to Daivajna Shri K.N. Somayaji, for giving me this opportunity of documenting the results of my research and communicating my own considered views. I am indebted to Shri Shri Bharati Thirtha Swamiji, the Pontiff of Sri Sharada Peetham, and the chief patron of Kalpatharu Research Academy, and to Shri V.R. Gowrishankar the chairman of the Academy and the administrator of the Sharada Peetham for their interest in my work.

I thank Shri Venkatesh Babu and Shri Nagendra of the Omkar Offset Printers for their courtesy and co-operation.


Key to the Texts Cited2
Chapter - XThe Nature of Vedic Authority3
Chapter - XIThe Vedantic Paradigm30
Chapter - XIISources of Vedanta System53
Chapter - XIIICrystallization of Vedantic Outlook84
Chapter - XIVReconstruction of Samkara’s Thought (I)120
Chapter - XVReconstruction of Samkara’s Thought (II)161
Chapter - XVIReconstruction of Samkara’s Thought (III)182
Chapter - XVIIReconstruction of Samkara’s Thought (IV)201
Chapter - XVIIIVedantic Ideal : Jivanmukti 211
AppendixStress and its Management in Indian Thought264
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