is the role of music in religion?
Music is a way of expressing feelings toward a
person or a thing. It also plays an important role in increasing one’s faith in
their religion. For example, the Vedic scriptures
mention Harinam Sankirtan i.e. singing the glories of Lord Hari in the
congregation of devotees as the Yugadharma of the age of Kali (Kalyuga). The
sweet sound of the Harmonium and Mridanga (two-headed drum) makes the mind
peaceful and helps us get attracted to the lotus feet of the Lord. The process
of Bhakti in Sanatan Dharma is full of melodious glories (Bhajans) sung by
self-realized saints for the pleasure of their cherished deities.
Q2. What is the
purpose of music in Tibetan Buddhist rituals?
It is believed in Tibetan Buddhism
that instrumental music plays an important role in expressing prayers and
verses. It is also meant for attracting the general public to the teachings of
the Dharma and to bring them to the path of enlightenment. Music helps everyone
to connect with it and therefore Tibetan Buddhists form instrumental groups to
purify their hearts and inspire others to study Buddhism.
instruments are used in Buddhist chanting?
Musical chanting in Buddhism is an integral part of
religion. The musical instruments are often played to lead the monastics and
others who chant and recite sacred texts during rituals. Some of the main
instruments which are played are Densho (Main hall bell),
Mokugyo (Wooden fish), Keisu (Bowl bell), Shukei (Hand-held bowl bell), Moppan
(Wooden plate), and Taiko (Drum). All these instruments collectively are called
Q4. What do you
think are the materials used in making those instruments?
The musical instruments used in Buddhist chanting have
different purposes and are made of different materials. The main hall bell is
called the Densho which hangs outside the Buddha hall. It is generally made
from cast bronze. Mokyugo, an instrument in the shape of two fishes facing each
other, is made of wood. Keisu, a bell in the shape of a bowl, is made of
bronze. A Shukei is a hand-held bowl that is made from brass or any other
metal. Taiko drums are also found in the main hall. These are wooden-based and
are played at both ends using wooden sticks.
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