BOOKS ON INDIAN FOLK MUSIC & DANCE

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Folk music: The heart and soul of traditional rural India

Music has forever been a significant part of the existence of Indian individuals. India's rich social diversity has significantly added to different types of folk music. Pretty much every area in India has its folk music, which mirrors the lifestyle. From the enthusiastic Bhangra of Punjab to Garba of Gujarat to Bhavageete of Karnataka, the practice of folk music in India is indeed perfect. People's folk music is firmly connected with cultivating and other similar occupations and advances to mitigate the difficulty and break the dreariness of normal life. Despite the fact that folk music lost its prevalence with the approach of contemporary music like pop and rap, no customary celebration or festivity is complete without folk music. In the same way, as in other different parts of India, folk music also is of various types as a result of the cultural variety. 


While the explanation for its origin and the technique for utilization stays pretty similar all through India, the style in which it is sung and the manner by which it is seen varies relying on the way of life of various Indian states. A significant number of this folk music were created by incredible writers and scholars having a place in various parts of the country. For example, the Rabindra Sangeet or Tagore melodies of Bengal are an assortment of tunes that were initially composed by prominent writer Rabindranath Tagore. 


Folk music likewise assumed a pivotal part in socio-religious changes in many parts of South India. Religious pioneers like Adi Shankaracharya utilized numerous such melodies to spread his message all through the country. Essentially, folk melodies sung by other religious pioneers gave personality to the towns they initially came from, and progressively, these tunes were appreciated and celebrated by individuals of their particular regions as their own. Likewise, numerous folk tunes are related to a dance structure, which is generally performed while singing these melodies. Today, pretty much every Indian state/locale has its very own folk tune and some of them are related to a dance structure too.


Folk dances are performed for each conceivable event - to commemorate the seasons, birth, a wedding, and local festivals, which are by the drove. The folk dances are incredibly simple to learn with easy steps. Indian folk dance moves are filled with vivacity and vitality. At most events, the artists sing themselves, joined by artistic individuals with instruments. Each type of folk dance has a particular outfit and mood. A large portion of the outfits, worn for folk dance moves, are vivid with intricate jewelry and designs.


FAQs


Q1. What is the most popular folk dance in India?


Developed in two separate yet intuitive styles — one focused in South Asia, the other inside the South Asian diaspora of the United Kingdom — the more up-to-date bhangra mixes different Western famous tunes with the first Punjabi custom. It partakes in a monstrous following in South Asia and inside the South Asian diaspora. The term bhangra was initially assigned to a specific dance performed by Sikh and Muslim men in the cultivating locale of the Punjab district of South Asia. The dance was related to the spring harvest celebration Baisakhi, and it is from one of the significant results of the harvest— bhang (hemp) — that bhangra derived its name.


Q2. What is the most popular folk music in India?


Qawaali music is the physical and melodic sign of the Sufi religious practice in South Asia. Strong, wonderful, and extraordinary, its mesmerizing rhythms and tunes observe God, love, and music as one. Qawaali arose in what is currently India and Pakistan, in a close relationship with the Sufi.


Q3. What is the importance of folk dance in Indian culture?

 

Primarily, folk dance keeps the people connected to their past and their culture alive by sharing and teaching younger generations. Through dance, a community celebrates a special event or important date in time. Folk dancing is a movement activity that not only brings joy but also is comprised of movements that would meet the above criteria of promoting bodysoulspirit integration and assisting in brain development that promotes healthy academic learning. Folk dances are an important part of India's tradition and culture, and their importance has always been, and will continue to be, enormous as they are crucial facets of our country's culture. In distant places, these win love, fame, and respect for India.


Q4. How many folk dances does India have?


There are more than 30 folk dances in India. Some of the most popular folk dances are Ghoomer, Kalbelia; Kuchipudi, Bihu, Bichhua, Jata-Jatin, Bidesia, Garba, Dandiya Ras, Jhumar, Phag, Jhora, Dhaman, Rauf, Kud Dandi Nach, Yakshagan, Lambi, Kathakali Mohiniattam, Lavani, Odissi, Chhau, Kathi, Jatra, Baul, Bhangra, Bharatanatyam, Kolattam, Nautanki, Kajri, Garhwali, Tarangamel, Jhumur, Jawara, Matki, Gaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Nacha, Alkap, Ghora Naach, Buiya, Bardo Chham , Nongkram, Ponung, Cheraw, Shad Suk Mynsiem,  Rangma, Bamboo Dance, Hojagiri, Chu Faat Dance, Sikmari, Lava, Maruni,  Chang Lo dance, etc. from different states of India


Q5. What are the main features of Indian folk dance?


Features are: Depiction of good over evil. Inspired by elements of nature like animals, plants, birds, insects, water, air, and so on. To relax and rejuvenate after a long and tiring day. Showcase of rich tradition and culture. Paying respects to the deity worshiped by the tribe: Celebration of victory over an enemy. To celebrate weddings: Are an excellent combination to gain physical fitness as well as creative satisfaction. It brings a feeling of unity and harmony. Each dance is a showcase of the unique culture, dance, and music of the state and its people. It is staged to promote and preserve ancient traditions.


Q6. What is the main purpose of a folk dance?


Folk dance celebrates the cultural roots of a particular group of people. Folk dance is typically performed as a form of ritualistic entertainment at social gatherings. Folk dance tells a culture's foundational stories and emphasizes cultural pride. Another beneficial advantage is that they can significantly improve their aerobic capacity, lower body muscle endurance, strength and flexibility, balance, agility, spatial awareness, and gait through dancing. This promotes increasing physical confidence, improved mental functioning, and improved general and psychological well-being. It also brings multicultural awareness and appreciation, and opportunities for improving socialization skills among the kids and youths.


Q7. Who started folk dance in India?


Folk dance originated in various rural areas before the 19th century and developed with human life. Its roots are in the temple and folk arts such as Kutiyattam and religious drama traceable to at least the 1st millennium CE. In Hindu mythology, dance is believed to have been conceived by Brahma. Brahma inspired the sage Bharata Muni to write the Natya Shastra, a treatise on performing arts, from which a codified practice of dance and drama emerged. Uday Shankar has been a renowned Indian dancer and choreographer, best known for creating a fusion style of dance, adapting European theatrical techniques to Indian classical dance, imbued with elements of Indian classical, folk, and tribal dance, which he later popularized in India.


Q8. Which state is famous for folk dance?


Andhra Pradesh-Kuchipudi, Uttar Pradesh-Kathak, Raslila, Assam-Sattriya, Rajasthan-Ghoomar, Kalbeliya, Assam-Bihu, Jammu and Kashmir-Rouf, Bihar-Bidesia, Gujarat-Garba, Kerala- Kathakali, Arunachal Pradesh-Bardo Chham, Manipur-Manipuri dance (Jagoi), Nagaland-Chang Lo, Chhattisgarh-Karma Naach, Goa-Dekhni, Haryana-Saang, Meghalaya-Laho, Himachal Pradesh-Nati, Khaki, Jharkhand-Paika, Karnataka-Dollu Kunitha, Mizoram-Cheraw, Madhya Pradesh- Maanch, Maharashtra- Lavani, Dahikala Dasavtar, Odisha-Odissi, Chhau, Uttarakhand-Choliya Dance, Telangana-Dandari, Punjab-Bhangra, Sikkim-Singhi Chaam, Tamil Nadu-Bharatanatyam, Tripura-Hojagiri, West Bengal-Chhau.


Q9. Which is the most popular folk dance in India?


Ghoomar essentially Rajasthani, Ghoomar is probably the most popular folk dance in India. This dance form was introduced by the Bhil tribe and later adopted by the royal communities of Rajasthan, including Rajputs. Some of the more popular Indian dance forms include: Kathak and Raslila from Uttar Pradesh- Raslila are dedicated to Lord Krishna and is part of the traditional story of Krishna with Radha. Bharatanatyam from Tamil Nadu - It is also the national dance of India. Odissi from Odisha, Manipuri from Manipur. Bhangra - Bhangra dance originating in the Majha area of Punjab is associated with the spring harvest festival of Baisakhi. Bardo Chham - Arunachal Pradesh, Kajari - in Bhojpuri, Fugdi - Goa.


Q10. Which is the folk music of India?

 

Folk music is primarily based on diverse themes and is full of brisk rhythm. They are also set on beats so they can be dance-oriented. There are different types of folk music associated with a specific state: 1.) Alha-Madhya Pradesh, 2.) Baul-West Bengal, 3.) Bhagawati-Karnataka and Maharashtra, 4.) Dandiya Raas-Gujarat, 5.) Heliamleu-Nagaland, 6.) Ja-jin-ja-Arunachal Pradesh, 7.) Khongjom Parva-Manipur, 8.) Lavani-Maharashtra, 9.) Maand-Rajasthan, 10.) Nyioga-Arunachal Pradesh, 11.) Ovi-Maharashtra and Goa, 12.) Paani Hari-Rajasthan, 13.) Pai song-Madhya Pradesh, 14.) Pandwani-Chhattisgarh: Pandavani. Pandavani is a folk singing style of musical narration of tales from the ancient epic Mahabharata with musical accompaniment and Bhima as a hero. 15.) Powada-Maharashtra, 16.) Sohar-Bihar, 17.) Tikir-Assam, 18.) Wanawan-Kashmir. Music in this genre is also often called traditional music.


Q11. What is Indian music and dance?

 

The music of India is usually divided into two major traditions of classical music: Hindustani music of North India and Karnatak music of South India, although many regions of India also have their musical traditions that are independent of these. Sangeet Natak Academy recognizes eight classical dance and music forms, namely Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Sattriya, Manipuri, and Mohiniyattam. Additionally, India's Ministry of culture also includes Chhau in its classical list. Bharatnatyam although it derives its family from Tamilnadu, has urbanized into an Indian form. Kathakali is a dance from the state of Kerala. Kathak is a classical dance form of Mughal power in Indian culture.