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Books On Hindu Philosophy

Darshan or Hindu Philosophical Systems

The Meaning of the word darshan is 'seeing' and it is often used in a technical sense, indicating any system of philosophy, generally the Indian philosophical systems are called 'darsanas' since they are based on the 'seeing or the 'experiencing' of the final truths.

These darsanas are classified into two broad groups: the astika-darsanas and the nastika-darsanas. The former accept the authority of the Vedas whereas the latter do not.

The former, being six in number, is often called 'saddarsanas' (sat = six)

They are:

The Nyayadarsana of Gautama
The Vaisesikadarsana of Kanada
The Sankhyadarsana of Kapila
The Yogadarsana of Patanjali
The Mimamsadarsana of Jaimini
And the Vedantadarsana of Badarayana.