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Pahlavi Texts: The Sacred Books of the East (Part-III)

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Item Code: HAP627
Author: Edited By F. Max Muller
Publisher: Low Price Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 1996
ISBN: 8175360240
Pages: 424
Other Details 9x6 inch
Weight 590 gm
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Book Description


THE Pahlavi phrase Dina-i Mainog-i Khirad, 'Opinions of the Spirit of Wisdom,' is a name applied to sixty-two enquiries, or series of enquiries, on subjects connected with the religion of the Mazda-worshippers, made by an anonymous wise man and answered by the Spirit of Wisdom. But, as this name is only found prefixed to a manuscript, written in A. D. 1569, in which the first part of the work is missing, it is doubtful whether it be the original name of the book, or not, although it is very suitable to the general character of the work.

Regarding the reading of this name, here adopted, it must be observed that the correct pronunciation of the Pahlavi word mainog, 'spirit,' is uncertain; the traditional reading is madonad, which is a possible pronunciation of its letters, but is otherwise inexplicable; Haug proposed to read mainivad or minavad, but, in that case, the word ought to end with d=t, or with nd; some of the present Dasturs read minoė, but this would be written minoek in Pahlavi: the Pazand writers have mainyo, but this is evidently an imitation of Av. mainyavo, and does not correspond with the Pahlavi letters. As the word is manu or mind in the Sasanian inscriptions, and minu in Persian, to which words a final k would be added in Pahlavi, it seems probable that the final letter of the Pahlavi word is not d or e, but g, a corruption of k, and that we ought to read minog or mainog. At the same time it should be noticed that a very old copy of the Pahlavi Farhang, in the library of Dastur Jamaspji Minochiharji in Bombay, has the word written with an extra medial stroke, so that it might be read minavand, as required by Haug's hypothesis, although this copy of the Farhang gives madonend as the traditional reading.

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