From the Jacket:
The present volume, comprising nineteen articles by renowned scholars, is divided into three sections, namely, Buddhist, Jaina and Hindu Philosophical Researches.
Under the Buddhist section Bareau, using the Vinaya in Chinese, defends Wayman's position that Asanga belonged to Mahisasaka sect. Nakamura points out differing view about the seven Vajjian Republic principles. Michael Hahn and Samtani concern with Buddhist poet Candragomin and the term raga resectively. Shinjo Kawasaki expounds the views of Bhavya about the differing karma of non-sentient and sentient beings. Hirakawa's article deals with the relation with dhatu. Collett Cox shows that the present 12-membered formula is taken for granted by early Chinese Abhidharma texts.
In Jaina section, Jaini deals with the theory that an omniscient being can subsist on a subtle kind of food. Dhaky's main object t ascertain early parts of Dasavaikalikasutra, also goes into the matter of food.
The articles in Hindu section take a comparative base, K.K. Raja compares the Buddhist and Mimamsa views on Laksana. K. Bhattacharya speaks of grammarians and philosophers regarding post-Panini grammarians on a certain anusasana. R.C. Dwivedi compares Kashmir Saivism with Sankara's Vedanta and T.S. Rukmani compares siddhis as found in the Bhagavata Purana and in Patanjali's Yogasutras. R.V. Joshi compares the Advaita and the Vaisnava views of the matter.
The work breaks new grounds and is a solid contribution in the field of Indian Philosophy.
About the Author:
Prof. R.K. Sharma as a Fulbright Scholar, worked with Prof. M.B. Emeneau at University of California. He has all along been contributing to promotion of Sanskrit Studies in India and abroad as Founder Director, Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, Joint Educational Adviser, Govt. of India, Vice-Chancellor of the two Sanskrit Universities at Darbhanga and Varanasi, Visiting Professor at Columbia University of New York City, University of Bihar and Chicago, Organizing Secretary of two world Sanskrit Conferences, etc. He is a recipient of Presidential Award of Honour in Sanskrit and a Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society.
It is preeminently fit for the scholarly world to bring out a
Felicitation volume to honour Professor Alex Wayman, who has
distinguished himself by an outpouring of scholarly works on
Buddhism for almost forty years; and who is now Professor of
Sanskrit, emeritus, Columbia University, New York.
I am proud of my association with Professor Wayman dating
back to 1957 as my distinguished satirthya when I joined the
University of California, Berkeley, as a Fulbright student. There
we both studied under Professor Murray Barnson Emeneau, an
eminent linguist, classicist and Indologist; and then were awarded
our Ph.D.'s the same date in 1959.
Prof. Wayman has been all along a source of inspiration to
me. He identifies himself with his studies in an exclusive attention
always occupied with scholarly pursuits, finishing one thing, and
thinking of his next project. I don't remember if he ever talked
of anything other than Indian Philosophy, Buddhism or general
Prof. Emeneau's kind blessings are found in print in this
volume. Those of Prof. R.N. Dandekar and other distinguished
members of the Felicitation Committee are also very much there:
"punas ca bhuyo 'pi namo 'stu tebhyah".
I am grateful to the Felicitation Committee and also to the
learned contributors for enriching this volume. It is divided into
three major sections: Buddhist, Jaina and Hindu Philosophical
Researches. In a way this is also the scope of Professor Wayman's
Under the Buddhist researches, the essay by Andre Bareau,
using the Vinaya in Chinese, defends Wayman's position that
Asanga belonged to the Mahisasaka sect. Hajime Nakamura
points out differing views, about the seven Vajjian Republic
principles; it is nice to have this important set of paragraphs in
the present volume. Michael Hahn concerns himself with the
famous Buddhist poet Candragomin who might also be the
grammarian of that name but hardly the Candragomin who
commented on Buddhist Tantras. N.H. Samtani vigorously
treats the term raga. After these miscellaneous articles there are
two groups of Buddhistic essays. In the group on Karma, Shinjo
Kawasaki expounds the views of Bhavya about the differing
karma of non-sentient entities and of sentient beings. Hari
Shankar Prasad's essay makes the division in terms of when there
is lack of agency of presence of agency, especially using Yoga-
cara sources. The one by T.R. Sharma treats the Madhyamika
position by a chapter of Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka-karika.
There are also three essays on Buddhist Dependent Origination.
Akira Hirakawa provides an important article on the relation
with dhatu, where this expression is shown to mean a kind of
causation. The essay by Collett Cox uses the early Chinese
Abhidharma works to show that the present 12-membered
formula is taken for granted by such texts, with the divergences
consisting in the interpretation of the twelve, sequential, instan-
taneous, and so forth. George Elder's contribution, while
presenting certain features of the Tantric type of Dependent
Origination, defends Wayman's translation of certain terms.
While the Jaina section has only two papers, the volume is
privileged to have these contributions by Padmanabh S. Jaini
and by M.A. Dhaky. Jaini's deals with the theory that an
omniscient being can subsist on a subtle kind of food. Dhaky's,
while having its main object to ascertain early parts of the
Dasavaikalikasutra, also goes into the matter of food.
The section devoted to the Hindu Philosophy is also rich in
contributions. While not subdivided as was the Buddhist one, in
fact, each essay takes a comparative base. Thus the one by
K. Kunjunni Raja compares the Buddhist and Mimamsa views
on -Iaksana', and so deserves to be first. Kamaleswar Bhatta-
charya speaks of grammarians and philosophers regarding post-
Panini grammarians on a certain anusasana. R.C. Dwivedi
makes a comparison between Kashmir Saivism and Sankara's
Vedanta. T.S. Rukmani compares siddhis as found in the
Bhagavata Purana and in Patanjali's Yogasutra. R.K. Sharma
deals with language and with metaphor in two devotional
treatises 'of Saivism. Then Bhagwan Dash continues the com-
parisons, this time of Pitta with Agni. Finally, RV. Joshi,
while not explicitly mentioning his comparative base in the essay
title, in fact, in this remarkable portrayal of the doctrine of
aham-artha', is basically comparing the Advaita and the
Vaisnava views of the matter, also bringing in the Samkhya
Thus, the work appears to contain solid contributions to the
field of Indian Philosophy, sometimes summarizing previously
established positions, but usually breaking new ground.
I appreciate the role of the publishing house of Motilal
Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited in bringing out this
volume; and anticipate an appreciative response from the
world Sanskrit community agreeing with my personal view
that this volume is interesting and useful for further researches
in the great Indian philosophical traditions. And so also a fitting
testimonial to Professor Alex Wayman for his unremitting
labours to bring these Indian traditions into Western format.
We hope he produces more distinguished works: "Satam jiva
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Sacred Sites (105)
Tantric Buddhism (86)
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