Present time is observing a tremendous growth and acceptance of Ayurveda. This science
having its origin in Indian subcontinent is now headed to conquer rest of the world.
Previously only the lifestyle aspect of Ayurveda got propagate, now the happiest thing is
that the curative aspect of Ayurveda is being viewed by different personalities belonging to
different fields. In many of the countries works are being carried out to explore Ayurveda
by going through its classical literature which is in Sanskrit. At the same time it's not
possible for each and every one to go through Ayurveda literature due to inability of them
to read and understand Sanskrit literature. Those most interested do learn it and continue
further their reading of Ayurveda, rest a bigger part that can't learn Sanskrit start to
look for the translated books.
In the present scenario there are plenty of books available to quench to basic
thirst of the needy. After quenching their basic thirst for those who are searching for more
information on a particular subject or topic, here is a book related to Panchakarma. Snehana
is a basic procedure related to Panchakarma and very important in respect of out come of
Panchakarma procedures. Author of this book has made an effort to cover the topic in an all
round aspect. I am sure that this book will not discourage the reader.
Pancakarma offers a unique approach of Ayurveda to therapy with specially designed five
procedures of internal purification of the body. Such purification permits the biological
system to return to normalcy & to rejuvenate spontaneously & also facilitates the desired
pharmacokinetic & pharmaco-therapeutic effect of medicines administered later. It eliminates
toxins & stagnated malas & metabolites from the body, cleans the macro & micro channels,
maximizes the absorption & metabolism of nutrients & medicines, & helps in minimizing their
does & toxicity.
Pancakarma not merely a Sodhana therapy as it is understood, but also having wider
range of therapeutics such Snehana, Rekhshana, Brmhana, Lekhana, Stambhana, Rasayana, Vrshya
etc. it is the fastest growing Ayurvedic speciality globally due to its wider range of
therapeutics and long lasting, radical relief of chronic diseases. The major contemporary
specific areas of application of Pancakarma therapy are :
Pramotive and preventive health care as a part of Svasthavrtta regime.
As an integral pre-requisite of Rasayana and Vajikarana.
Curative treatment of diseases.
The Snehana therapy is the major preparatory procedure (Purvakarma) to be performed
before Sodhana. The entire Sodhana procedure depends upon the proper mobilization of Dosas
from the Sakha which is achieved with the help of Snehana and Svedana. Out of these two, the
Snehana is a major therapy which decides the whole outcome of Sodhana procedure.
Snehana not only having an important role in Sodhana therapy but also in Samana &
Sodhanartha Abhyantara Snehana is in practice since ancient times as a Puvakarma
procedure for Sodhana Cikitsa. But the practices have been changed in some or other way in
the flow of time period. Also in different regions of India, the procedure varies in the
context of dose, duration and regimen. The reason for this is the does & duration is
individual Specific. Mainly Agni, Koshtha, Prakrti, Dosha along with Bala, Satmya, Satva,
Vaya, etc. are the factors of variables which put the physician in trouble while deciding
the dose & duration for achieving adequate Snehana. After knowing all these variations, they
have to be standardized.
The two main Aims of Snehana therapy are (1) To prepare the body for expelling out
the Doshas and (ii) To protect the body from the negative onslaught of Vata Dosha, after
In ancient Samhita brief description about Abhyantara Snehana has been told. But
what should be the dose schedule with regards to the Agni and Koshtha? Sneha is to be given
in increasing or fixed dose? By which practice the Samyak Snigdha Lakshanas appear properly
& timely? And where to stop Snehana were still remained imprecise. However indirect
reference regarding the dose fixation according to the Agni mentioned by Caraka with an
illustration that - just as cloth absorbs the water upto its capacity, then drains off the
remaining. Similarly the Sneha gets digested according to the strength of Agni and drains
off when exceeds the limit of Agni. Arunadatta also told that administration of Sneha
without the consideration of Agni is irrational, while commenting on dose of Sneha.
Currently physicians practice Sodhanartha Abhyantara Snehana by their methods
depending upon their experiences. If Snehana is not done properly, it definitely affects the
Sodhana Karma performed afterwards. Hence, it is obligatory to start and increase the Sneha
Matra in appropriate & judicious way considering the Koshtha and Agni of the subject.
Now a day, physician facing difficulty in deciding the proper dose and duration of
Snehana. So, two main discussion points in whole concept of Abhyantara Snehana are the
fixation of dose and duration. It seems that Acharyas have considered Agni as a technique to
define the dose schedule for Snehana and Koshtha to decide the duration of Snehana.
About the Book
The Snehana therapy is the major preparatory procedure (Purvakarma) to be performed before
Sodhana. The entire Sodhana procedure depends upon the proper mobilization of Dosas from the
Sakha which is achieved with the help of Snehana and Svedana. Out of these two, the Snehana
is a major therapy which decides the whole outcome of Sodhana procedure.
The author has tried to compile the complete matter regarding Snehana including
Shamana Sodhana and brumhana Sneha, this book contains regarding the (a) Classification,
Properties, digestion of Sneha; (b) Lipid metabolism (c) Snehana Vidhi (Procedure of
Internal Oleration), (d) Mode of action; (e) Effect of Snehana on lipi9d Profile, (f)
Research works on Snehana Karma (g) Area of research and (h) Appendix includes list of
classical Sneha, list of oil & fats of modern era and research proforma.
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