Structure And Functions of Soul In Jainism

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Item Code: IDH470
Publisher: Bharatiya Jnanpith, New Delhi
Author: Dr. S. C. Jain
Edition: 2012
ISBN: 812631186X
Pages: 264
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.5" X 5.5
Weight 410 gm
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Book Description

From the Jacket

Here is the thought-provoking work, which attempts to provide a rational basis to the Jain concept of soul. The nature, structure and functions of the soul cannot be studied without a reference to the physical apparatus. But the independent existence of the spiritual and the physical reality cannot be denied, however close their relationship. The unity and diversity are also important problems that a philosopher cannot ignore. In fact Nagarjuna, Sankara, Hegel, Bradley and others have exercised their brains to understand the conscological problem with reference to them, Dr. Jain has taken all their speculations into account to give a meaningful interpretation to the Jaina concept of the non-absolute which he considers as the fundamental reality of the Jaina system, beyond all theses, drstis and paksas, like the Madhyamika absolute that evades expressibility.

About the Author

Dr. S. C. Jain is a scholar who likes to work in solitude at his table. He was born in 1922 in a small village, Chavali, near Agra in Uttar Pradesh in the illustrious family famous for the pedantic scholar Pt. Manikchandra Kaundeya and such other Pundits. The holy scriptures of Jainism, the various works on the philosophies of East & West and the critical literature of the same field, are the sources of company and acquaintance with the masters and scholars of the past and present for him. Alongwith his theses 'Structure and Functions of Soul in Jainism' he has a number of published research articles to his credit. His English translation of the medieval poet Daulatram's 'Chhahadhala' has earned a wide repute. He still has some complete works awaiting publication. Following his own manner of study and writing, Dr. Jain, has some plans before him.


1 The Anekanta Theory of Existence 17-41
  Basic conceptions of Jaina philosophy 17
  Meaning of Anekanta 17
  Negation as a dharma or trait 20
  Hegel and the Jaina Negation 23
  An objection answered 25
  Reality as a featureless entity 27
  Reality as pure being 30
  Substance as unity-cum-diversity 31
  Substance, attributes, modes and traits 33
  Jaina dynamism of substance 35
  Absolute dynamism of reality considered 38
  Jaina theory of reality as illustrated by a prepositional and a mathematical function 40
2 the Doctrine of Syadvada or Jaina Dialectic 42-60
  Introduction 42
  Main spirit of the Jaina dialectic 42
  Some illustrations of the partial comprehensions 44
  (i) Kant on partial comprehensions,  
  (ii) Hegel on partial comprehensions,  
  (iii) Sankara on partial comprehensions,  
  (iv) Madhyamika on partial comprehensions. Import of contexts or reference-systems in the Jaina dialectic 48
  Validity of partial comprehensions 50
  Bradley on partial truths 51
  The Jaina view 52
  Dr. Radhakrishnan's view about partial comprehensions 52
  The Jaina dialectic and the so-called absolute views 53
  Pramana type of knowledge and its essential nature 54
  Relation between the naya and the pramana types of knowledge. 56
  Hegelian and the Jaina dialectic 58
  Merit of the Jaina dialectic 59
3 The Soul 61-97
  Introduction 61
  Classification of the theories of the soul 61
  Materialism and the soul 62
  Jaina criticism of materialism 64
  Vidyanadin's criticism of Materialism 66
  Idealistic theories of the soul 68
  Sankara's view of the soul 70
  Berkeley's view of the soul 72
  Ramanuja, Hegel and Bradley on the soul 75
  Neutralism as a theory of the soul 77
  Continuum theory of reality and the soul 79
  Hume's view of the self 80
  Yogacara on the soul 81
  Psychological view of the self 86
  Dualistic theories of the soul and the position of Jaina dualism 89
  The problem of the relation between the soul and the non-soul 93
  The Jaina on the problem of the mind-body relation 95
  Conclusion 96
4 The Soul and Consciousness 98-142
  Introduction 98
  Consciousness and upayoga 99
  Identity o consciousness 100
  Controversy regarding conation and Knowledge 102
  Controversy of successive and simultaneous occurrence of conation and knowledge 105
  Brahmadeva's solution of the controversy 107
  Meaning of conation 110
  Conation and knowledge as attributes of the soul 113
  The problem of objectless consciousness 115
  Meaning of Knowledge 116
  Sensum theory of knowledge and its criticism 119
  The three termed theory of perception 121
  Mati and sruta types of knowledge 123
  Pratyaksa or the direct type of knowledge 127
  Avadhi and manahparyaya types of direct knowledge 128
  Kevalajnana or the perfect knowledge 133
  Arguments against omniscience and their refutation 136
  Self consciousness 138
5 Structure of the Soul and Extension 143-154
  Forms of the soul's existence 143
  Meaning of extension 143
  Extension in case of attributes 145
  Extension and the mental structure of the purosivist school of psychology 146
  Criticism of the above view 146
  Nyaya, Sankhya and Vedanta on the soul's extension and their criticism 147
  Some objections against the Jaina view of the soul's extension 150
  Conception of pradesas in the soul 153
  Conclusion 154
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