Fourteen Vaisnava Upanisad-s, dealing with philosophical and agamic topics, translated into English by Prof. A. A. Ramanathan on the basis of the commentary of Upanisad Brahmayogin, constitute this volume. These Upanisad-s deal with the creation of the worlds, the gods, Vasu-s, Rudra-s, Aditya-s, etc. Detailed descriptions are given of the Pranava, Gayatri and other mantra-s, and yantra-s or the modes of worship, and of the means of liberation leading to the final beatitude.
The Adyar Library and research centre was founded in 1886 by Henry Steel Olcott, first President of the Theosophical Society, for research in Eastern Civilization, Philosophy and Religion. Its aim is to promote understanding among the peoples of the world through knowledge of the higher aspects of their respective cultures.
The collections of the Library consist of about 18,000 manuscripts, containing about 45,000 printed volumes. The manuscripts are mostly from Indian and in Sanskrit. The printed books include old and rare Indological works and also a fine collection of books on the different religions and philosophies, in Sanskrit, English, and various other languages, eastern and western; and volumes of important Indological journals.
Brahmavidya, The Adyar Library Bulletin is being published annually since 1937, presenting papers and studies on religion, philosophy and various aspects of Sanskrit and other oriental literature as well as editions of ancient texts and translations.
The fourteen Upanisad-s published by us as The Vaisnava Upanisad-s are found in the list of 108 Upanisad-s in the Muktikopanisad. The Vaisnava Upanisad-s generally belong to the Tantra school advocating worship of the various aspects of Visnu as Narasimha, Rama, Krsna using mantra-s, and tantra (gestural worship). The Nrshimha Tapiniya Upanisad is quite popular, and there is a commentary on it ascribed to Sri Samkaracarya. This is definitely later than Sri Samkaracarya. However, it is earlier than Narayana-bhatta of Kerala who refers to it in his Narayaniya (A.D. 1558).
The Adyar Library has published all the 108 Upanisad-s with the commentary of Upanisad Brahmayogin. It has also the commentaries on the 108 Upanisad-s by another scholar Appayya Diksita, an eighteenth century Brahmin of Tirunelveli district in Tamilnadu. He passed away at Naranammalpuram in 1901. His commentary was based on the Anubhavadvaita system of thought which seems to be akin to the light within mentioned by the Buddha, and by the masters mentioned by Madame Blavatsky.
The late Professor A.A. Ramanathan has translated the Upanisad-s in a lucid form according to our new pattern of traslation. We hope than it will be appreciated by the seekers of truth.
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