Bamiyan situated about 250 km north-west of Kabul between the mountain pass of the Hindu-Kush and kah-i- Baba linking Kabul with the Silk-route at Balkh, is one of the important historical sites in Afghanistan. It was the symbol of the civilisational link between India and Afghanistan. Buddhism was introduced to the region first by Asoka and subsequently by the kushan rulers. In the third century, the city of Bamiyan became an administrative center, a halting place for caravans and the location of a great monastery. It became famous when the Buddhist monks settled in the rock-caves cut into the great cliff to the north.
The Archaeological Survey of India had joined hand with the Government of Afghanistan to preserve this great cultural heritage of mankind. The work Started on July 10, 1969 and was of such magnitude, That it continued for the next seven years.
It is heartening to note that world organisations like UNESCO are continuing to mobilise support for the protection of Afghan Heritage and are considering reviewing the application of the World Heritage Convention to deal with such wanton destruction .
The Archaeological Survey of India which carried out repairs to the two Bamiyan Buddhas and the Shrines in their vicinity had also organised an international seminar and exhibition in 2011.This catalogue has been published to document the rich cultural heritage that Afghanistan once had.
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