Calming the Mind and Discerning the Real: Buddhist Meditation and the Middle View

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Item Code: IDE508
Author: Trans. By. Alex Wayman
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 8120806484
Pages: 533
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.8" X 5.8"
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From the Jacket:

Lam rim chen mo (roughly, "the great book on stages of the path (to enlightenment") is the abbreviated title of a massive encyclopedic manual written by Tson-kha-pa, the founder of the Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Calming the Mind and Discerning the Real marks the first appearance in English of the two most important segments of this work.

As translator Alex Wayman notes, "From the beginning of Buddhist literature we find the terms 'calming' and 'discerning' paired, as natures to be cultivated." However, over centuries of religious teaching, the precise connotations of these terms became diffuse, and "calming" and "discerning" came to stand, at different times, for natures to be cultivated in their own right and for categories covering various steps towards spiritual goals. In 1402 Tson-kha-pa completed Lam rim chen mo, the latter portions of which, here translated, reconciled what had long been in philosophical dispute.

Calming the Mind and Discerning the Real constitutes Tson-kha-pa's reform of Tibetan non-tantric Buddhist meditation and its philosophical position. The initial section, Calming the Mind, is a treatise on meditation, following the Buddhist teachings of Asanga. Discerning the Real deals with philosophy, and exhibits the influence of the Buddhist scholar Nagarjuna and his successors. Both sections cover matters that are still controversial in Tibet, and remain of prevalent interest to modern scholars.

About the Author:

Wayman has utilized the original Sanskrit texts for Tson-pa's citations as well as the Tibetan text. He has included a biography of the author, several clarifying essays for the necessary background, and a helpful glossary of terms.

Drawing on both Sanskrit and Tibetan text, Alex Wayman has published twelve books and 150 articles on tantric and non-tantric Buddhism. Since 1991 he has been Professor Emeritus for Sanskrit, Columbia University.


Foreword by Series Editorix
A Critical Evaluation of the Translation

        The Lineage, and Atisa's "Ling on the Path of Enlightenment"3
        The Author of the Lam rim chen mo15
        Calming and Discerning as Natures and Categories26
        Asanga on the Ancillaries of Calming and the Supernormal Faculties31
        Discursive Thought and the bSam-yas Debate44
        Tson-kha-pa's Position on Discerning59
        The Translation70
        Tson-kha-pa's Sectional Titles


    Calming the Mind (Samatha)97
        Reliance on the Equipment for Calming98
        After Recourse to that (Equipment), the Method of Cultivating Calming100
        [By Reason of the Cultivation] The Standard of Accomplishment of Calming

    Discerning the Real (Vipasyana)173
        Reliance on the Equipment for Discerning177
            Engaging the Principle to be Refuted188
            Option of Prasangika and Svatantrika as Refuting Agents283
            Relying on This Agent, the Method of Generating the View in Consciousness336
        Varieties of Discerning386
        The Way to Cultivate Discerning390
        Standard for Accomplishment of Discerning Through Cultivation

The Method of Pair-Yoking Calming and Discerning419
Notes, Glossaries, and Bibliography433
        Abbreviations Used in the Note and Bibliography434


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