Caraka Samhita: Sutrasthana (The Only Edition with English Translation of Commentary Ayurveda Dipika by Cakrapani)

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Item Code: NAL691
Author: Dr. P.V. Tewari
Publisher: Chaukhambha Visvabharati , Varanasi
Language: Sanskrit Text with English Translation
Edition: 2017
ISBN: Vol. 1: 9789381301739
Vol. 2: 9789381301906
Pages: 1416
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.5 inch X 7.5 inch
Weight 2.50 kg
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Book Description
About the Book

Caraka Sarnhita (Volume I Sutra Sthana) English translation of text with Ayurveda Dipika commentary by Cakrapani Datta. Editor/ translator Prof. P.V.Tewari.

Caraka Samhita oldest treatise of Ayurveda describes not only Ayurveda, rather has dealt with all other aspects related to human psychosomatic health i.e. philosophy, sociology and religion including medical ethics etc. Luminaries of Ayurveda of this era have deliberated upon the treatise from different angles including English translation of text and also Ayurveda Dipika commentary. Every writer has own method of writing or explaining a subject which makes a difference in it's appreciation. In present book which is 1st volume of entire treatise, an attempt has been made to be nearer to actual connotations of subject as much as possible, with English translation of almost entire commentary barring repetition and also the points already incorporated in explaining the matter in the translation of the text.

To apprise a novice with the subject, in introduction of the book a bird's eye-view of the treatise, its originator Atreya the preceptor ? Agnivesa the essayist/compiler with status of first strata of C.S., ? Caraka the author of second strata with his period and ? Drdhabala the person who completed the book or writer of third strata along with his contribution is mentioned. This has followed a short introduction of commentator Cakrapani with his contributions.

For better appreciation and clear acceptability the topics have been given headings, which also helps in finding the concerned subject easily through contents as-well-as index.

After complete translation of this volume I (Sutra sthana) seven appendices are given which describe mainly modern or English equivalent of pathological entities, flora and fauna etc. This follows the index which makes it more accessible.

It is hoped that it will be useful for students', teacher and research workers a like.

About the Author

Dr. P.V. Tewari A.M.B.S., Ph.D., a well known academician, administrator and research workers was born on 5th August, 1937 to freedom fighters Shri Rama Shankar Tewari recipient of Tamrapatra awarded by Late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi and Mrs. Rama Devi Tewari having lost her life during 42 freedom movement. A throughout meritorious student has been serving Ayurveda for the last 57 years in different capacities at SAC Lucknow and B.H.U. and now is serving gratis Mata Anandamayee Hospital, Shivala, Varanasi, as Additional Medical Superintendent and senior Gynecologist. During her tenure of 36 years at B .H. U. served as Lecturer, Reader and Professor, Head Department of Prasuti Tantra, Dean, Faculty of Ayurveda twice, Director, WHO Research Centre and Coordinator, Faculty of Ayurveda and Ayurvedic Pharmaceuticals. She has also been associated with almost all important committees of universities and institutes of Ayurveda and also Ministry of Health, Govt. of India.

As a dedicated research worker has guided 53 D.Ay. M./MD. Ay. scholars and 21 Ph.Ds.; has published 258 scientific papers in National and International Journals and attended sizeable National and International conferences. She has received seventeen awards, citations and honours.

A prolific writer has written preface/forewords of sixteen books related to Prasuti- Striroga and Kaumarabhrtya; published 18 books, contributed 7 chapters and edited three Journals and is continuing to serve goddess Saraswati.


It gives me great pleasure to write a few words about the English translation done by Prof. (Dr.) P.V. Tewari, Ex. Head Department of Prasuti Tantra, I.M.S., B.H.U., Varanasi, India of Acharya Chakrapani on Charaka Samhita, the most effective treatise on medical treatment. The translation done by Prof. Tewari is no doubt, simple and easy for understanding. The sanskrit commentary is difficult to understand particularly the philosophical aspect.

Sri Chakrapani is from Bengal and belongs to 11th centuary A.D. As regards drugs he has a special tradition of giving equivalents in local language with some details about its identity.

I bless Prof. Tewari to write such books on Ayurveda in future also for the benefit of Ayurveda Scholars.



Foreword xvii
Introduction xix
Abbreviations of Books and Sections lix
Key to Transliteration lx
The chapter pertaining to 'Longevity' 3-60
The chapter pertaining to 'Dehusked seeds of Apamarga' 61-70
The chapter pertaining to 'Aragvadha' 71-76
The chapter pertaining to 'Six hundred Evacuatives' 77-92
The chapter pertaining to 'Quantitative dietetics' 93-116
The chapter pertaining to 'One's diet' 117-131
The chapter pertaining to 'Non-suppression of natural urges' 132-151
The chapter pertaining to 'Description of sense organs' 152-169
The chapter pertaining to 'Short quadruple of therapeutics' 170-178
The chapter pertaining to 'Great quadruple of therapeutics' 179-188
The chapter pertaining to 'Three basic desires' 189-219
The chapter pertaining to 'Merits and demerits of vata' 220-228
The chapter pertaining to 'Oleation/unction' 229-250
The chapter pertaining to 'Sudation' 251-267
The chapter pertaining to 'Preparation of cleansing therapy' 268-279
The chapter pertaining to 'Skilful Physician' 280-288
The chapter pertaining to 'Number of Head-disorders' 289-313
The chapter pertaining to 'Three swellings Inflammations/edemas' 314-327
The chapter pertaining to 'Eight Abdominal disorders' 328-337
The chapter pertaining to 'Major disorders' 338-350
The chapter pertaining to 'Eight condemnable persons' 351-363
The chapter pertaining to 'Reducing and nourishing/promoting measures' 364-373
The chapter pertaining to 'Satiating/saturating procedure' 374-380
The chapter pertaining to 'Precepts of blood' 381-392
The chapter pertaining to 'The origin of person' 393-421
The chapter pertaining to 'Discussion between Atreya and Bhadrakapya' 422-470
The chapter pertaining to 'Precepts of Food and Drink' 471-546
The chapter pertaining to 'Various types of Foods and Drinks' 547-567
The chapter pertaining to 'Ten seats of life' 568-574
The chapter pertaining to 'Ten great vessels with roots in heart' 575-602
Bibliography 603-604
Appendices 605-662
Index 663-676

Volume II
About the Book

This book is English translation of Caraka Samhita including Ayurveda Dipika commentary of Cakradatta Vol. II consisting of four sections namely Nidana Sthana, Vimana Sthana, Sarira Sthana and Indriya Sthana, which is written in the pattern of volume I.

In first volume of the book based on Sutrasthana mainly philosophical aspects pertaining not only to ayurveda, rather entire life of individual i.e. socio cultural, religious and ethical aspects and also basic concepts of ayurveda are discussed. This second volume is devoted to the subject, which enables a learner to become perfect vaidya capable of independently treating a patient.

It starts with emphasis on importance and also methods to assess etiopathogenesis, premonitory features, clinical features as well as therapeutic tests to diagnose a disease. It goes further describing various aspects important for treating the patient such as relation between rasas (taste the pacifying agents) and dosas, the causative factors of diseases; method of education, relation between teacher and taught, methods of thorough examination of patient to assess his physical and psychological normalcy as well as morbidity; special dietetic preparation for the patient, preventive measures of epidemics etc.

Detailed description of measures to obtain healthy progeny, growth and development, major and minor structures and also detailed physiology of body the substratum of treatment; prognostic features of various disorders with advice to avoid treating moribund patient lest one gets defamation and disrespect in the society are described.

In this volume also for better appreciation and clear acceptability the topics have been given headings, which also helps in finding the concerned subject easily through contents as-well-as index.

After complete translation of this volume II (Nidanasthana, Vimanasthana Sarirasthana & Indriyasthana) appendices are given which describe mainly modern or English equivalent of pathological entities, flora and fauna etc. This follows the index which makes it more accessible. It is hoped that it will be useful for students', teacher and research workers alike.

Few Words

Second volume of English translation of Caraka Samhita with Ayurvedadipika commentary of Cakrapanidatta consisting of four sections i.e. Nidana, Vimana, Sarira and Indriya sthana is presented to ayurvedic world. In first volume introduction of the book along with the method of presentation, acknowledgment etc. all has already been given. To substantiate one statement i.e. “Probably Cakrapani had used some other mss. Of C.S., S.S., A.H.” the difference of words in given quotations and matter available in presently available text is presented in appendix one. Since this appendix neither gives any new idea nor helps in advancing the knowledge of ayurveda, thus is not being given in this volume. Similarly metals and minerals and also weights and measures referred are very few, and already translated, thus these appendices are also not given.

I have no words to express my gratitude to young exponent ayurveda professor Dr. Sandhya Patel, Kaumarbhritya Department, J.S. Ayurveda College, Nadiad, Gujarat for her Naisthiki help given in this volume. Inspite of her over busy schedule she has gone through entire manuscript and suggested some modification in language to make it make it more intelligible, besides certain syntactical, grammatical and also spelling corrections. She has also assured to continue this help in subsequent volumes also. I can only prey god to shower upon her energy, wisdom, good health and longevity to serve ayurveda and goddess Saraswati with dedication, devotion, determination and timely correct decision.

I hope that erudite would pardon me for any shortcomings of this volume.


  Few Words vii
  Abbreviations of Book and Sections viii
  Key to Transliteration ix
  Nidanasthana (Section on Diagnosis)  
Chaptet 1 Diagnosis of Fever 3-34
Chaptet 2 Diagnosis of Raktapitta i.e. Bleeding Disorders 35-44
Chaptet 3 Diagnosis of Gulma – Abdominal Lump 45-54
Chaptet 4 Diagnosis of Prameha 55-68
Chaptet 5 Diagnosis of Kustha 69-78
Chaptet 6 Diagnosis of Sosa or Phthisis 79-89
Chaptet 7 Diagnosis of Unmada or Psychosis 90-101
Chaptet 8 Diagnosis of Apasmara i.e. Epilepsy 102-116
  Vimanasthana (Section on Specific Characters)  
Chapter 1 Specific characters of Rasa 119-139
Chapter 2 Specific characters of three types of kuksi i.e. Stomach 140-148
Chapter 3 Specific characters of Epidemics 149-169
Chapter 4 Three methods of diagnosis specific diseases 17-177
Chapter 5 Specific features of Srotasas 178-188
Chapter 6 Specific features of diseases 189-201
Chapter 7 Specific features of Patients 202-215
Chapter 8 Specific therapeutics of Diseases 216-295
  Sarirasthana (Section on Study of Human Body)  
Chapter 1 Various states of Purusa – Atman 299-345
Chapter 2 Atulya Gotriyam – Non-consanguinity 346-366
Chapter 3 Minor chapter of Descend of – Jiwa with Sattwa in Garbha 367-389
Chapter 4 Major chapter on Descend of – Jiwa with Sattwa in Garbha 390-414
Chapter 5 Enumeration of Entities of Human-being 415-428
Chapter 6 Enumeration of Entities of Body 429-450
Chapter 7 Enumeration of Body-Parts 451-463
Chapter 8 Measures of procreation 464-507
  Indriyasthana (Section on Prognostic features)  
Chapter 1 Prognostic features pertaining to Complexion and Voice 511-523
Chapter 2 Prognostic features pertaining to Body odour simulating flowers 524-529
Chapter 3 Prognostic features pertaining to touch or palpation 530-533
Chapter 4 Prognostic features pertaining to sense organs 534-540
Chapter 5 Prognostic features pertaining to premonitory features 541-550
Chapter 6 Prognostic features pertaining to corporeal status 551-556
Chapter 7 Prognostic features pertaining to disfigured shadow or reflected images 557-564
Chapter 8 Prognostic features pertaining to inverted image of head 565-569
Chapter 9 Prognostic features pertaining to swarthy signs 570-574
Chapter 10 Prognostic features pertaining to sudden death 575-578
Chapter 11 Prognostic features pertaining to diminished body-fire 579-585
Chapter 12 Prognostic features pertaining to cow dung-like powder 586-601
  Appendices: 603-636
  Index 637-648


Sample Pages
Volume I

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