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A Guide to Theory of Indian Music: Sangita Sastra Sangraha (Set of 2 Volumes)

Item Code: NAL767
Author: Dr. M. B. Vedavalli
Publisher: The Karnatic Music Book Centre, Chennai
Language: English
Edition: 2011
Pages: 446
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.5 inch x 5.5 inch
Weight 480 gm
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Fully insured
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Shipped to 153 countries
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Book Description
Volume I


About the Book

It contains the names of sixty - four Arts, Music as a remedial agent to cure diseases, A chart giving the variety of svaras taken and the application of Katapayadi formula for all the 72 melakartas, Classification of Janya ragas in detail, A table illustrating all the varieties of vakra ragas, Ragalaksanas illustrating graha svaras (the starting note) and nyasa svaras (ending note) through phrases pertaining to the ragas, and sancaras for the ragas, Characteristic features of the musical forms belonging to technical group and melodic group, Symbols used to represent a song in notation, biographies and contribution of eminent vaggeyakaras,

About the Author

Dr. M. B. Vedavalli took her M.A. degree in Music, from Madras University in the year 1962. She was awarded Doctoral degree for her thesis on "Mysore as a seat of Music" in the year 1983 and D. Litt. degree in the year 2004.

She has handled both Theory of Music and Practical classes for both undergraduate and post - graduate courses for about 33 years in various institutions imparting Music education.

She was a Lecturer in Stella Maris College, Madras, for seven years, Head of the Department of Music in Seethalakshmi Ramaswami College, Trichy, for six years and in the Music Department of Madras University, for 20 years and retired as Professor and Head in the year 1995.

Her training under pallavi exponents and her vast experience as Lecturer in colleges and university has enabled her to write an elaborate work dealing with the evolution, structure and procedure followed in singing Ragam, Tanam and Pallai for which she was awarded D. Litt. degree.

She has authored several books on music and has presented research papers and Lecture - demonstrations in many seminars organized by the universities and sabhas.



This book titled 'Sangita Sastra Sangraha' deals with all the fundamental aspects of theory of Karnatic music viz. Sruti, Svara, Raga, Tala Musical forms, Notation, Ragalaksana and a few biographies of composers. Almost all the aspects dealt with in this book have been illustrated with tables and practical aspects with notation, to enable the students as well as readers to understand them easily.

Moreover, the book covers the Theory portion of the syllabus prescribed for the Lower Grade Examination in Indian Music conducted by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The relevant syllabus and a sample question paper has been printed for reference. It has also included almost all the topics prescribed for Theory of Music for the First Year of the Higher Secondary Education for Indian Music under Group (B) of Part III (optionals) for Vocational Education by the Government of Tamil Nadu and the topics prescribed by the Government of Karnataka for Junior Grade Examination in Music for the theory of Music.

I hope this book will satisfy the requirements of Music teachers, students of Music, aspirants of Music and Music lovers.

I take this opportunity to thank Dr.N.Ramanathan, Professor and Head, Department of Indian Music, University of Madras (Retd.), for his valuable suggestions and also for providing valuable books of the Library of the Department of Indian Music for consultation.

I am thankful to Mrs. R.S. Jayalakshmi, Lecturer, Department of Music, University of Madras (Retd.), for her useful suggestions and other help rendered.

I express my sincere thanks to U.Ve. T.E. Ranganathachariar, Sanskrit Scholar, for the help rendered to me in the translation of Sanskrit works.

My thanks are due to my brother, Mr. M.B. Sriman Narayan, M.A., for providing materials for the preparation of the book.

My profuse thanks are due to my husband, Mr.G.R.Srinviasan, and my brothers, Mr. M. B. Ramaswamy, Mr. M. B. Sampathkumar for the help rendered by them at different stages in the preparation of the book. I express my SIncere gratitude to my Sister - in - law, Mr.Lalitha Sampathkumar, for the efforts taken by her for type - setting this book with all diacritic marks and special symbols pertaining to music within a short time and for the neat execution of the job.




Music as a Fine Art - Music as the Finest of the Fine Arts 1
Greatness of Music 3
Power of Music 6
Music as a remedial agent to cure diseases 6
Cultural Value of Music 7
Intellectual Value of Music 7
The Place of Music in Life 8
Names of the 64 arts 9
Sangita 11
Nada - Causation of Nada - Classification of Nada 11
Sruti - Sruti as the fundamental pitch 15
Svara - Svarasthana 17
Vadi, Sarnvadi, Vivadi, Anuvadi 20
Raga - Classification of Ragas 23
Janaka Ragas - The Scheme of the 72 Melakartas 25
Katapayadi formula 34
Vivadi and Non-vivadi Melas 39
Janya Ragas 41
Varja Ragas 41
Vakra Ragas 43
Upanga Ragas 50
Bhasanga Ragas 50
Nisadantya, Dhaivatantya and Pancamantya Ragas 51
Tala 53
The Scheme of the 35 talas 55
Pancagati bhedas 57
Musical Forms 58
Art Musical Forms 59
Technical Forms - Sarali varisas, Janta varisas, Datu varisas 61
Heccusthayi varisas, Taggusthayi varisas, Alankaras  
Gitas - Samanya gitas - Laksana gitas 64
Jatisvara 69
Svarajati 70
Varna - Tana varna and Pada varna 72
Melodic Forms - Kirtana 81
Krti - Angas of a Krti 82
Mudra 98
Notation used in Indian Music 100
Notation and its uses 100
Signs and Symbols pertaining to the melodic aspect of 101
Signs and Symbols used to represent tala in notation 108
Ragalaksana 111
Todi 114
Dhanyasi 116
Mayamalavagaula 118
Bhairavi 120
Mohana 122
Kambhoji 124
Khamas 126
Sankarabharana 128
Hamsadh vani 131
Suddhasaveri 132
Kedara 134
Bilahari 135
Pantuvarali 138
Kalyani 139
Biography - Purandara Dasa 143
Musical Trinity 147
Syama Sastri 148
Tyagaraja 153
Muttusvami Diksitar 166
Arunacala Kavirayar 175
Gopalakrsna Bharati 179
Syllabus of the Lower grade Examination 185
Question Paper (Model) 187
Bibliography 189
Volume II


About the Book

The book deals with almost all the topics which are very essential for the students of music at various levels. Biography and contribution of 14 eminent composers inclusive of three lakshanakaras viz., Ramamatya, somanatha and Venkatamakhi have been presented. The other topics dealt with are classification Musical forms, their special features, Mudras used in them, Musical Prosody, Musical Appreciation, Classification of Musical Instruments, their structure, Seats of Music, Talas and their angas, Physics of music, Gamakas, Ancient Tamil Music and their special features and lakshanas of 25 ragas. Regarding raga lakshanas, besides Graha, Amsa and Nyasa svaras occurring in the compositions their usage in the various forms of Manoodharma Sangita have been added.



The book titled Sangita Sastra Sangraha covering the syllabus prescribed for Lower Grade Examination conducted by the Government of Tamil Nadu was published in 2001 and the second edition was brought out in 2006. In continuation of the above book the second book titled Theory of Music covering the syllabus of Higher Grade Examination in Music is being released.

In this book besides topics on Musical Prosody, Mudras used in musical compositions, Musical Appreciation, Prominent seats of Music, Manodharma Sangita, Physics of Music, Musical Instruments, their classification and construction, Talas, their angas and varieties, Ancient Tamil Music and their special features, Biography and contribution of 14 composers inclusive of three great Lakshanakaras viz., Ramamatya, Somanatha, Venkatamakhi and Raga lakshanas of 25 ragas have been presented. Regarding raga lakshanas, besides Graha, Amsa and Nyasa svaras used in compositions, their usage in manodharma sangita have been added to enable the students to have deeper knowledge about the raga. The relevant syllabus and a model question paper has been printed for reference.

Many of the topics dealt with in this book are included in the syllabus of B.A. degree course conducted by the Madras University and other universities and also for diploma courses conducted in various institutions.

I hope that this book will satisfy the requirements of music teachers and aspirants of music.

I take this opportunity to thank Dr. N. Ramanathan, Retd. Professor & Head, Department of Indian. Music University of Madras and Dr. R. S. Jayalakshmi, Lecturer, (Retd.) Department of Indian Music, University of Madras for their useful suggestions in the preparation of this book.

I express my sincere thanks to Dr.G.R. Padmanabhan, Professor of Physics, R.E.C. Trichy, (Retd.) for the help rendered.

My thanks are due to my brother Mr. Sriman Narayan, for providing useful materials for the preparation of the book.

My profuse thanks are due to my husband Dr. G.R. Srinivasan and my brother M.B. Ramaswamy for the help rendered by them at different stages in the preparation of the book.

I express my sincere gratitude to my Sister-in-law, Mrs. Lalitha Sampathkumar, for the efforts taken by her for type setting this book with all diacritic marks and special symbols pertaining to music and for the neat execution of the job.




CHAPTER I Principles of s r g m notation 1
CHAPTER II Musical Prosody, Prasa, Yati, Antya Prasa 5
CHAPTER III Musical Appreciation. 15
CHAPTER IV Gayaka qunas and d6shas. 20
CHAPTER V Mudras figuring in Musical Compositions. 22
CHAPTER VI Biography and contribution of the  
  following composers  
1 Jayadeva 28
2 Ramamatya 31
3 Somanatha 37
4 Narayana Tirtha 43
5 Bhadrachala Ramadas 46
6 Venkatarnakhi 48
7 Kshetrajfia 57
8 Paidala GurumOrthy Sastri 59
9 Svati Tirunal 60
10 Subbarava Sastri 63
11 Vina Kuppayyar 64
12 Mysore Sadasiva Rao 67
13 Patnarn Subrahmanya Iyer 69
14 Pallavi Seshayyar 71
CHAPTER VII Seats of Music  
a Tanjore 73
b Madras 74
c Mysore 77
d Travancore 79
e Udalyarpalalvarn 82
CHAPTER VIII Classification of Musical Instruments 84
CHAPTER IX Structure of the Musical Instruments  
1 Vina 88
2 Violin 90
3 Tambura 93
4 Gotuvadyam 95
5 Flute 96
6 Nagasvaram 96
7 Mridangam 97
CHAPTER X Accompaniments 99
CHAPTER XI Musical Sound and Noise 103
CHAPTER XII Musical Intervals - Vadi, sarnvadt, 108
  Anuvadi, Vivadi  
CHAPTER XIII Graha bhedarn 110
CHAPTER XIV A) Gramophone 113
  B) Radio 116
CHAPTER XV A) Open Air Theatre 119
  B) Acoustics of Concert Halls 119
  Theory of Music Paper II  
CHAPTER XVI Raga takshanas  
  Saveri 123
  Chakravaka 126
  Vasanta - 128
  Anandabhairavi 130
  Kiravani 133
  Kharaharapriya 135
  Sriranjani 137
  Darbar 139
  Ritigaula 141
  Mukhari 143
  Harikambhoji 146
  Natakuranji 148
  Kedaragaula 150
  surati 152
  Sahana 155
  Yadukulakambhoji 157
  Arabhi 160
  Begada 162
  Athana 164
  Devagandhari 167
  Nilambari 169
  Nata 172
  Purvakalyani 174
  Shanmukhapriya 176
  Saranga 178
CHAPTER XVII Manodharma Sangita and its Forms 181
CHAPTER XVIII Shadangas and Shodasangas 190
CHAPTER XIX A) Chapu tala and its varieties 193
  B) Desadi and Madhyadi talas 193
CHAPTER XX Taladasa pranas 195
CHAPTER XXI A) Musical Forms and their classification 198
  B) Lakshana of the following forms:  
1 Ragamalika 199
2 Pada 203
3 Javali 205
4 Tillana 206
CHAPTER XXII Forms figuring in Geyanatakas 208
CHAPTER XXIII Dasavidha gamakas 211
CHAPTER XXIV Folk Music and its characteristics 214
CHAPTER XXV Ancient Tamil Music 216
CHAPTER XXVI Yazh and its construction 221
  Syllabus of the Higher grade Examination  
  Paper I 225
  Paper II 227
  Question Paper (Model)  
  Paper I 229
  Paper II 230
  Bibliography 231
Sample Pages

Volume I

Volume II

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