Item Code: IDG210
Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, Delhi
Language: English
Edition: 1993
ISBN: 8172012918
Pages: 475
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.5" X 5.5"
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Book Description
About the Book:

A HISTORY OF URDU LITERATURE seeks to present a compact survey of the rich and varied contribution of Urdu to the Indian literary mainstream through centuries of shared creative endeavour and inspiration. Designed to serve as a reliable guide for interested readers from sister languages. It brings into focus the currents and cross currents that have shaped its history and produced personalities of distinction and prestige whose works have stood the test of time. The lucid and balanced treatment of the numerous forms of poetry and prose has both range and depth and reveals a broad understanding of the historical forces behind deviations from convention and transformations in styles that have given us perennial sources of joy and intellectual fulfilment.

The dynamism of its patriotic poetry, in particular, during the various phases of our freedom struggle and the cohesive absorption of the classical works of all the major religions has been highlighted appropriately. The vigorous role of journalism has also received due notice. Despite pressure on space in the brief survey, essential specimens of poetry have been added in original along with prose renderings in English to mirror the conflicting demands of a vibrant tradition of lyricism, fervour of nationalism and a resurgence of social realism.

About the Author:

ALI JAWAD ZAIDI (b. 1916) is a scholar, poet and critic of repute and has won the prestigious Padmashri award for his meritorious services in the field of literature. Author of about 60 books, he has written in Urdu, Hindi, English and occasionally in persian as well. In the present volume, written primarily for the non-Urdu readers, he surveys, evaluates and interprets the achievements of the language with a rare fairness and understanding.

Back of Book:

It was a happy idea of the Sahitya Akademi to organise the publication of historical studies of the literatures of our various languages in India. . . It may not be possible for many of us to have a direct acquaintance with the literatures of our various languages. But it is certainly desirable that every person of India who claims to be educated should know something about languages other than his own. . . In order to help in this process, the Sahitya Akademi has been. . . sponsoring these histories of Indian literatures. The Akademi is thus widening and deepening the basis of our cultural knowledge and making people realize the essential unity of India's thought and literary background.



Chapter I Early History1
Modern Indian Languages4
Western Hindi Dialects7
The Many Names of Urdu9
Literary Traditions11
Forms of Urdu Poetry13
Chapter II Earliest Writings (11th-16th Century)19
Amir Khusrau22
Transfer of Tradition35
Chapter III Dakhani Urdu (14th-18th century) 36
Official Language37
Earliest Dakhani Work38
Three Main Phases39
In Gujarat46
Post-Vali Period53
Chapter IV The Northern Scene (16th-17th century) 57
Braj Bhasha59
In Shahjahanabad64
Afzal Jhanjhanavi67
Chapter V A Golden Phase (18th Century)70
Quli Qutub Shah72
Abru and Hatim74
Masnavi and Marsiah78
Shahr Ashoub80
Chapter VI Diffusion and Diversification81
New Centre at Avadh82
Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janan87
Mir Hasan109
Criticism and Stylised Prose125
Chapter VII After the Great Trio127
No Separate Schools129
Chapter VIII Nazir Akbarabadi143
Chapter IX Age of Nasikh and Atash150
Shah Nasir158
Chapter X The New Marsiah159
Mir Anis160
Mirza Dabir168
Chapter XI Age of Masnavi170
Inder Sabha175
Chapter XII The Twilight and Ghalib178
Chapter XIII Emergence or Prose199
Rajab Ali Beg Suroor201
Chapter XIV New Prose and New Colleges209
Fort William College209
Delhi College210
Lucknow Translation Bureau212
Chapter XV Journalism214
Printing Press214
First Journal215
Chapter XVI Post-Rebellion Scene219
Chapter XVII Literature of Freedom227
War of Independence229
Journalist Patriots230
Chapter XVIII Dawn of an Era233
Syed Ahmad Khan234
Purposive criticism236
Mohammad Husain 'Azad238
Shibli No'mani243
Chapter XIX Novel and Drama248
Nazir Ahmad248
Sajjad Husain253
Agha Hashr Kashmiri257
Chapter XX Writer-Journalists259
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad259
Maulana Mohammad Ali261
Khwaja Hasan Nizami262
Chapter XXI Age of Literary Criticism265
Niaz Fatehpuri267
Abdul Haq268
Masood Hasan Rizvi270
Syed Mohiuddin Qadri Zore271
Kalimuddin Ahmed
Chapter XXII New Wave in Poetry275
Mohammad Husain Azad276
Akbar Allahabadi280
Brij Narain Chakbast287
Chapter XXIII Iqbal and the New Dawn291
Chapter XXIV Poetry of Youth and Vigour309
Josh Malihabadi310
Firaq Gorakhpuri320
Simab and Hafiz325
Chapter XXV Revival of Ghazal333
Shad Azimabadi333
Hasrat Mohani338
Chapter XXVI The Progressive Upsurge348
Majnoon Gorakhpuri352
Ale Ahmad Surror354
Ehtesham Husain354
Mumtaz Husain356
New Trends in Criticism358
Gopi Chand Narang358
Shamsur Rahman Faruqi359
Chapter XXVIIProgressive Poetry and Arbab-e-Zauq361
Makhdum Mohiuddin367
Ali Sardar Jafri368
Jan Nisar Akhtar370
Sahir Ludhianvi371
Kaifi Azmi372
Noon Meem Rashid379
The Unattached382
Chapter XXVIII New Generation Poets383
Khalilur Rahman Azmi384
Chapter XXIX Modern Fiction390
Prem Chand393
Krishan Chander399
Saadat Hasan Munto400
Rajendar Singh Bedi401
Ismat Chughtai402
Aziz Ahmad406
Qurrantulain Hyder407
Modern novels411
Chapter XXX Humour and Satire418
Before Avadh Punch419
Age of Avadh Punch420
Prose Humour422
Rashid Ahmad Siddiqui425
Patras Bukhari425
Chapter XXXI Research and Literary Miscellany429
Chapter XXXII Beyond the Seventies437
Select Bibliography443
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