Warning: include(domaintitles/domaintitle_cdn.exoticindia.php3): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 751

Warning: include(): Failed opening 'domaintitles/domaintitle_cdn.exoticindia.php3' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 751

Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address [email protected].

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > History > Architecture > Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in Velankanni (Tamil Nadu)
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in Velankanni (Tamil Nadu)
Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in Velankanni (Tamil Nadu)
Description
Introduction

Indian clergy and pilgrims alike refer to the Velankanni Shrine as the "Lourdes of the East" This reputation is not derived from the miraculous power of any of the numerous statues of the Virgin Mary of Lourdes brought to India in the nineteenth century by fathers of the "Missions Etrangeres de Paris" or French Jesuits, but rests on the authenticity of the Virgin Mary's apparitions in India, on the recognition of the therapeutic power of the Virgin called Arokkiya Mata (Mother of Good Health), as well as on the heavy attendance of pilgrims. However, this comparison seems unwarranted insofar as the atmosphere and the practices at the Velankanni Shrine differ from those characterizing Lourdes. Were it not for the immense white basilica which rises prominently above the small thatch-roofed huts, the displays of statues and colour prints of the Madonna and the saints, the accumulation of candles of various shapes, colours and sizes, or the blaring of religious celebrations from the numerous loudspeakers which line the approaches to the shrine, might well cause one to imagine this to be one of the centres of Hindu pilgrimage in the region.

The existence in this region of a Catholic shrine, having national and federative dimensions, visited as it is by Catholics from throughout India as well as Tamilians from all castes and all religions, is surprising when one considers the minor presence of this faith. Of course, some twenty kilometers from Velankanni there is the town of Karaikal where the diffident French presence left its legacy, a Jesuit cathedral and a small shrine to Saint Antony of Padua, but this is an exception. As for the small town of Nagappattinam located ten kilometers from Velankanni, it is difficult to imagine that, beginning in the sixteenth century, it was once an important Portuguese commercial and missionary centre, to such an extent have the vestiges of this past disappeared.

Although history offers little towards the understanding of the emergence and renown of Velankanni, one can turn to the particularisms which lend the shrine its originality and contribute to its reputation. This text therefore examines these particularisms, especially those defined by the Catholic religion which present pan-Indian cultural or denominational specificities.

Are these particularisms the consequence of the "hinduisation" of Indian Catholicism? Of an "indianisation" of the form of worship? Of the convergence of complex phenomena involved in the encounter between Catholic practices and Indian culture? Rather than immediately offering an analysis of these phenomena,, I shall present here the elements of an ethnographic survey which will make it possible to compare the practices and conceptions in the Catholicism of Velankanni with those such as are found in Hinduism and in Indian culture.

I shall approach the complexity and plurality of the processes of contact and transformation of Catholicism in Velankanni through two main themes, namely, the caste system and representations of the Virgin Mary according to community, an approach which will be developed in three sections.

The first section will examine the social, political and economic organization of the village, through which the structure of the caste communities of Christians will be analysed with reference to the social and spatial organization of the Hindu quarters.

The second section, which consists of a combination of the two themes, will consider the Virgin Mary at the Shrine Basilica. The organization of the shrine and above all of the patronal festival conditioned by the local caste system will enable us to describe the roles assumed by the Virgin among the dominant caste of pattanavar fishermen, and to observe the manner in which their precedence is exercised and perceived by those who do not share it. While the basilica possesses a local dimension because the pattanavar look upon the Virgin located there as their caste deity, Velankanni has two other Marian shrines, the Chapel of the Apparition and the Chapel of Viyakula Mata, which are specifically visited by pilgrims.

The roles of the Virgin established in each of these places will be analysed in the third section. It will be seen that at the Chapel of the Apparition the Virgin is invested with powers for dispensing familial well-being such as are inherent in village deities, of which Mariyamman is the most widespread, while in the chapel where she bears the name Viyakula Mata, her function is to re-establish desperate situations attributable to a ceyvinai, sorcery, or to pey picacu, "evil spirits".

Back of the Book

Each year, hundred of thousands of pilgrims belonging to all the caste and all the creeds converge towards the village of Velankanni to take part of the festival of its patron organized from the 31st August to the 8th September. This important mobilization is in keeping with the fame of the thaumaturgical power of the Virgin, known as Arokkiya Mata, "Our Lady of Good Health". Nevertheless, this is not the sole explanation and other factors will emerge during this study.

Social and economical relations between different communities of caste and religion established in the village, composition and organization of the festival, representations of the Virgin according to the villagers or to the pilgrims are the points will be explore. They will allow on the part, to enlighten about the complexity of the phenomena of "indigenization" of the Catholicism in India and the plurality of its expressions, and on the other part, to do emerged the federal qualities of the Virgin and of the shrine that justify their position of predominance.

Chaque annee, des centaines de milliers de pelerins de toutes confessions et de toutes castes convergent vers le village de Velankanni pour assister a sa fete patronale qui se deroule entre du 31 aout au 8 septembre. Cette forte mobilization est consequente a la renommee des qualities thaumaturges de la Vierge, connue sous le vocable d'Arokkiya Mata. Notre Dame de la Bonne 'Sante. Cependant, ce n'est pas la seule explication et d'autres facteurs vont apparaitre au cours de la recherché.

Les relations socials et economiques entre les diverses communautes de caste et de religion resident dans le village, la composition et l'organisation de la fate patronale, les representations de la Vierge en function des gens du village ou des pelerins sont les domains qui seront explorer. Ils vont permettre d'une part, de montrer la complexite du phenomene d indigenization du catholicime en Inde et la pluralite de ses expressions, et d'autre part, de faire emerger les qualities federatrices de la Vierge et du sanctuaire qui justifient leur positioned precellence.

Brigitte Sebastia has studied Social Anthropology at Centre of Anthropology of Toulouse (E.H.E.S.S.-CNRS-Universities of Toulouse-le-Mirail and Paul Sabatier) up to 2001. One of her interests is the study of the phenomena of "indigenization" of Christianity in India. She is now affiliated to the French Institute of Pondicherry as a research scholar where she is studying the shrine of St. Antony of Padua at Puliyampatti situated in Tuticorin district that is frequented by persons suffering of mentally disorders.

CONTENTS

Aknowledgements9
Introduction11
1Social Morphology of Velankanni: Caste And Religion, Historical Context15
1.1. The Hindu and Christian Quarters: Between Tradition and Re-composition16
1.2. The Pattanavar Fishermen: Their Role in the Christianisation of the Village18
2The Virgin of The Pattanavar25
2.1 The Virgin of the Shrine Basilica: The Kulateyvam of the Pattanavar26
2.1.1 – The Intercessor-catechist and Votive Transactions27
2.1.2 – The Dresser-catechist29
2.2. The Festival of the Virgin: Organization and Precedence of the Pattanavar32
2.2.1 – The Koti Vila34
2.2.2 – The Terottam Vitti37
3The Virgins of The Pilgrims: A Space, A Virgin, A Votive Set43
3.1 The Virgin Mary of the Chapel of the Apparition: The Kiramateyvam of the Pilgrims44
3.1.1 The Yattiri of Velankanni44
3.1.2 Mariyamman-Mariyamman: Similarities and Differences46
3.2 Viyakula Mata: The Exorcist Virgin54
CONCLUSION57
GLOSSARY63
BIBLIOGRAPHY67
Map of the Velankanni Territory14

Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in Velankanni (Tamil Nadu)

Item Code:
IDK703
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2002
Size:
9.6" X 6.6"
Pages:
73
Price:
$22.50   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in Velankanni (Tamil Nadu)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 8417 times since 20th Jul, 2009
Introduction

Indian clergy and pilgrims alike refer to the Velankanni Shrine as the "Lourdes of the East" This reputation is not derived from the miraculous power of any of the numerous statues of the Virgin Mary of Lourdes brought to India in the nineteenth century by fathers of the "Missions Etrangeres de Paris" or French Jesuits, but rests on the authenticity of the Virgin Mary's apparitions in India, on the recognition of the therapeutic power of the Virgin called Arokkiya Mata (Mother of Good Health), as well as on the heavy attendance of pilgrims. However, this comparison seems unwarranted insofar as the atmosphere and the practices at the Velankanni Shrine differ from those characterizing Lourdes. Were it not for the immense white basilica which rises prominently above the small thatch-roofed huts, the displays of statues and colour prints of the Madonna and the saints, the accumulation of candles of various shapes, colours and sizes, or the blaring of religious celebrations from the numerous loudspeakers which line the approaches to the shrine, might well cause one to imagine this to be one of the centres of Hindu pilgrimage in the region.

The existence in this region of a Catholic shrine, having national and federative dimensions, visited as it is by Catholics from throughout India as well as Tamilians from all castes and all religions, is surprising when one considers the minor presence of this faith. Of course, some twenty kilometers from Velankanni there is the town of Karaikal where the diffident French presence left its legacy, a Jesuit cathedral and a small shrine to Saint Antony of Padua, but this is an exception. As for the small town of Nagappattinam located ten kilometers from Velankanni, it is difficult to imagine that, beginning in the sixteenth century, it was once an important Portuguese commercial and missionary centre, to such an extent have the vestiges of this past disappeared.

Although history offers little towards the understanding of the emergence and renown of Velankanni, one can turn to the particularisms which lend the shrine its originality and contribute to its reputation. This text therefore examines these particularisms, especially those defined by the Catholic religion which present pan-Indian cultural or denominational specificities.

Are these particularisms the consequence of the "hinduisation" of Indian Catholicism? Of an "indianisation" of the form of worship? Of the convergence of complex phenomena involved in the encounter between Catholic practices and Indian culture? Rather than immediately offering an analysis of these phenomena,, I shall present here the elements of an ethnographic survey which will make it possible to compare the practices and conceptions in the Catholicism of Velankanni with those such as are found in Hinduism and in Indian culture.

I shall approach the complexity and plurality of the processes of contact and transformation of Catholicism in Velankanni through two main themes, namely, the caste system and representations of the Virgin Mary according to community, an approach which will be developed in three sections.

The first section will examine the social, political and economic organization of the village, through which the structure of the caste communities of Christians will be analysed with reference to the social and spatial organization of the Hindu quarters.

The second section, which consists of a combination of the two themes, will consider the Virgin Mary at the Shrine Basilica. The organization of the shrine and above all of the patronal festival conditioned by the local caste system will enable us to describe the roles assumed by the Virgin among the dominant caste of pattanavar fishermen, and to observe the manner in which their precedence is exercised and perceived by those who do not share it. While the basilica possesses a local dimension because the pattanavar look upon the Virgin located there as their caste deity, Velankanni has two other Marian shrines, the Chapel of the Apparition and the Chapel of Viyakula Mata, which are specifically visited by pilgrims.

The roles of the Virgin established in each of these places will be analysed in the third section. It will be seen that at the Chapel of the Apparition the Virgin is invested with powers for dispensing familial well-being such as are inherent in village deities, of which Mariyamman is the most widespread, while in the chapel where she bears the name Viyakula Mata, her function is to re-establish desperate situations attributable to a ceyvinai, sorcery, or to pey picacu, "evil spirits".

Back of the Book

Each year, hundred of thousands of pilgrims belonging to all the caste and all the creeds converge towards the village of Velankanni to take part of the festival of its patron organized from the 31st August to the 8th September. This important mobilization is in keeping with the fame of the thaumaturgical power of the Virgin, known as Arokkiya Mata, "Our Lady of Good Health". Nevertheless, this is not the sole explanation and other factors will emerge during this study.

Social and economical relations between different communities of caste and religion established in the village, composition and organization of the festival, representations of the Virgin according to the villagers or to the pilgrims are the points will be explore. They will allow on the part, to enlighten about the complexity of the phenomena of "indigenization" of the Catholicism in India and the plurality of its expressions, and on the other part, to do emerged the federal qualities of the Virgin and of the shrine that justify their position of predominance.

Chaque annee, des centaines de milliers de pelerins de toutes confessions et de toutes castes convergent vers le village de Velankanni pour assister a sa fete patronale qui se deroule entre du 31 aout au 8 septembre. Cette forte mobilization est consequente a la renommee des qualities thaumaturges de la Vierge, connue sous le vocable d'Arokkiya Mata. Notre Dame de la Bonne 'Sante. Cependant, ce n'est pas la seule explication et d'autres facteurs vont apparaitre au cours de la recherché.

Les relations socials et economiques entre les diverses communautes de caste et de religion resident dans le village, la composition et l'organisation de la fate patronale, les representations de la Vierge en function des gens du village ou des pelerins sont les domains qui seront explorer. Ils vont permettre d'une part, de montrer la complexite du phenomene d indigenization du catholicime en Inde et la pluralite de ses expressions, et d'autre part, de faire emerger les qualities federatrices de la Vierge et du sanctuaire qui justifient leur positioned precellence.

Brigitte Sebastia has studied Social Anthropology at Centre of Anthropology of Toulouse (E.H.E.S.S.-CNRS-Universities of Toulouse-le-Mirail and Paul Sabatier) up to 2001. One of her interests is the study of the phenomena of "indigenization" of Christianity in India. She is now affiliated to the French Institute of Pondicherry as a research scholar where she is studying the shrine of St. Antony of Padua at Puliyampatti situated in Tuticorin district that is frequented by persons suffering of mentally disorders.

CONTENTS

Aknowledgements9
Introduction11
1Social Morphology of Velankanni: Caste And Religion, Historical Context15
1.1. The Hindu and Christian Quarters: Between Tradition and Re-composition16
1.2. The Pattanavar Fishermen: Their Role in the Christianisation of the Village18
2The Virgin of The Pattanavar25
2.1 The Virgin of the Shrine Basilica: The Kulateyvam of the Pattanavar26
2.1.1 – The Intercessor-catechist and Votive Transactions27
2.1.2 – The Dresser-catechist29
2.2. The Festival of the Virgin: Organization and Precedence of the Pattanavar32
2.2.1 – The Koti Vila34
2.2.2 – The Terottam Vitti37
3The Virgins of The Pilgrims: A Space, A Virgin, A Votive Set43
3.1 The Virgin Mary of the Chapel of the Apparition: The Kiramateyvam of the Pilgrims44
3.1.1 The Yattiri of Velankanni44
3.1.2 Mariyamman-Mariyamman: Similarities and Differences46
3.2 Viyakula Mata: The Exorcist Virgin54
CONCLUSION57
GLOSSARY63
BIBLIOGRAPHY67
Map of the Velankanni Territory14

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Mariyamman-Mariyamman Catholic Practices and Image of Virgin in... (History | Books)

The Cult of Kumari Virgin Worship in Nepal
by Michael Allen
Paperback (Edition: 1996)
Mandala Book Point, Nepal
Item Code: NAJ676
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Kumari: The Virgin Goddess
Paperback (Edition: 2003)
Roli Books Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAF156
$12.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sacred to Profane (Writings on Worship and Performance)
Item Code: NAJ668
$40.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Making of The Goddess (Karravai Durga in the Tamil Traditions)
by R. Mahalakshmi
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAE967
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Goddess Tulaja and Kumari in Nepali Culture
by Durga Shakya
Paperback (Edition: 2013)
Kumari Publication
Item Code: NAJ678
$50.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Kularnava Tantra
Deal 10% Off
by Ram Kumar Rai
Hardcover (Edition: 2010)
Prachya Prakashan
Item Code: IDI580
$35.00$31.50
You save: $3.50 (10%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Cult of The Goddess
Deal 15% Off
Item Code: NAJ939
$175.00$148.75
You save: $26.25 (15%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Tantra and Sakta Art of Orissa (Three Volumes)
Item Code: IDJ914
$325.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Durga Puja in Hinduism
Item Code: NAD499
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Siva Purana - Complete Set in 4 Volumes
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: NAB424
$130.00$104.00
You save: $26.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I have always been delighted with your excellent service and variety of items.
James, USA
I've been happy with prior purchases from this site!
Priya, USA
Thank you. You are providing an excellent and unique service.
Thiru, UK
Thank You very much for this wonderful opportunity for helping people to acquire the spiritual treasures of Hinduism at such an affordable price.
Ramakrishna, Australia
I really LOVE you! Wonderful selections, prices and service. Thank you!
Tina, USA
This is to inform you that the shipment of my order has arrived in perfect condition. The actual shipment took only less than two weeks, which is quite good seen the circumstances. I waited with my response until now since the Buddha statue was a present that I handed over just recently. The Medicine Buddha was meant for a lady who is active in the healing business and the statue was just the right thing for her. I downloaded the respective mantras and chants so that she can work with the benefits of the spiritual meanings of the statue and the mantras. She is really delighted and immediately fell in love with the beautiful statue. I am most grateful to you for having provided this wonderful work of art. We both have a strong relationship with Buddhism and know to appreciate the valuable spiritual power of this way of thinking. So thank you very much again and I am sure that I will come back again.
Bernd, Spain
You have the best selection of Hindu religous art and books and excellent service.i AM THANKFUL FOR BOTH.
Michael, USA
I am very happy with your service, and have now added a web page recommending you for those interested in Vedic astrology books: https://www.learnastrologyfree.com/vedicbooks.htm Many blessings to you.
Hank, USA
As usual I love your merchandise!!!
Anthea, USA
You have a fine selection of books on Hindu and Buddhist philosophy.
Walter, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2019 © Exotic India