The Sura Saraswathi Sabha was established as an associated
institution of the Sharada Peetha by the late Sri Sri Abhinava Vidyatirtha
Mahaswamigal in 1969 with the grand objective of spreading the essence
of eternal Indian Culture among the common public through the spread
of Sanskrit language. The Sabha has successfully spread the message
of Sanskrit in accordance with the objectives of the revered Sri Sri
For the benefit of the students, the Sura Saraswathi Sabha has
published several books. A thorough knowledge of nominal stems and
verbal root is absolutely essential for a good grounding in Sanskrit. In
order to fulfill this need, ‘Samskrita Shabda Chandrika’ is being published.
The present work is the English version of the book and is
prepared by Vidwan N. Ranganatha Sharma, a renowned scholar of
Samskrita Grammar and a prominent disciple of the Srimatha. He has
provided a detailed account of the nominal stems and verbal roots and
important rules of Sanskrit Grammar, with a view to guiding the students
through the maze of Sanskrit Grammar. It has been ably rendered into
English by Sri R.N. Nagaraj, who has an abiding interest in the spread
of Sanskrit and Indian Culture.
Student of Sanskrit language need to know the declensions of
nominal stems and the conjugation of verbal roots in all their forms. It is
not an easy flask lo understand these forms based on the application of
rules of grammar, more so at the elementary levels. Hence the students
should inevitably commit to memory these final formations. This has
been the case traditionally and it has been time-tested.
Generally the nominal stems resemble one another. There are
some differences in pronouns. But fortunately they are few in number. If
one learns by rote these declensions, probably one can understand
and relate all the literary usages of these stems in the vast literature.
However, the verbal roots pose a lot of difficulty because of their diversity.
Although the roots are classified into ten classes. each root has diverse
final forms depending on whether it is set, anit, vet, atmanepadin,
parasmipadin, or ubhayapadin etc. unlike the nominal stems, these are
complicated. Hence only a few commonly used roots are chosen here
for fuller treatment. The final forms of one root normally resemble those
of another. The teachers should guide the students who have committed
these forms to memory on the correct usage of other forms.
We have touched upon the important participles also as they
are of immense help while composing simple sentences in Sanskrit
and also in translation.
The Sura Saraswati Sabha has been conducting simple
examinations for the preservation and propagation of Sanskrit. Owing to
their popularity, the number of students appearing for these examinations
is growing rapidly. I finally hope that this book will be of special assistance
to them. I thank all those who have helped me to prepare this book.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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