Teaching, learning and evaluation are the three important activities of
educational system and they are independent as well as interdependent
activities. For the system to be more effective, all the activities should be given
equal importance. The ineffectiveness of any one of these will affect the
system inexplicably. But the first two are, to a greater extent, emphasized in
the educational system. Evaluation, as such, is not cared enough not only in
language education but in other studies also. In fact, the process and product
are very much important as far as evaluation is concerned. Apart from these
two factors, namely, process and product, the ultimate objective of language
education is to scientifically and systematically evaluate the competence and
performance of the learners.
The National Testing Service-India established in the Central Institute
of Indian Languages to cater to the successful pedagogical needs of scientific
and systematic teaching, learning and evaluation in different levels of language
education has three primary objectives, namely, (i) creation of nationwide
consensus and awareness about concrete methods and purposes of
evaluation, (ii) production of basic reference materials and (iii) development of
training human resources in this area. The NTS-India has been conducting
orientation programmes for the teachers for successful implementation of the
stimulating research findings on the concept based continuum of graded
syllabi containing separate dimensions for language and literature.
The General Frame of Reference was first prepared in English by the
Centre for Testing and Evaluation of the institute to assess the level of mastery
in language and literature and the consequential growth of learner's
NTS-I has brought out two books one each for language & literature
explaining the terms found in the GFR so as to facilitate the classroom teachers
to understand these concepts and write appropriate items to assess the
different components of language & literature.
In continuation of the efforts made in this direction, NTS-1 now
bringing out a book on ‘Teaching and Evaluation of Tamil Epics’. Epics, being a
major component of the poetry section of the Tamil textbooks across the
curriculum, a detailed discussion on the different aspects of this literary genreanalyzing
the different methods of teaching & evaluating epics will be of great
help to the classroom teachers as well as the test developers & item writers.
The present volume contains 25 papers written by experienced
teachers and young scholars as well, each one taking up the different aspects
of Tamil epics. This is the anthology of the papers presented in the seminar
conference held at Thiruvalluvar University, Vellore between 06/03/2014 and
07/03/2014. Hope this material fulfills the requirements of the stakeholders in
the field of teaching, learning & evaluating Tamil.
Dr. M. Balakumar, officer In charge, NTS-1 and his team members
deserve high appreciation for taking up this task of focusing on a particular
literary genre and discussing meticulously the different issues involved in
teaching and evaluating of epics. I wish and hope Dr. M. Balakumar and his
team brings out more and more such volumes to help those involved in
teaching and evaluating Indian languages.
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