Warning: include(domaintitles/domaintitle_cdn.exoticindia.php3): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 751

Warning: include(): Failed opening 'domaintitles/domaintitle_cdn.exoticindia.php3' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home/exotic/newexotic/header.php3 on line 751

Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address [email protected].

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Ayurveda > Ayurveda > History Of Ayurveda > History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha Brahmana
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha Brahmana
History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha Brahmana
Description
History of Indian Medicine

 

Foreword

l have the pleasure to present this monograph entitled History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature : Sattatpatha-Brahmana The author of this monograph, Dr. Ms. Mridula Saha is a Research Fellow of the Asiatic Society. This as such is a product of in—house research of the Asiatic Society. Dr. Mridula Saha’s monograph has been prepared under the close supervision of Dr. Brahmananda Gupta, Research Professor of the Asiatic Society, who is a specialist in this particular field. Dr. Gupta’s brief introductory Note highlighting the use fullness of study of the Brahmana literature in general and Satapatha Brahmana in particular has enhanced the value of the publication to a major extent.

Recent decades have witnessed the revival of interest in Ancient Indian Medicine all over the world. Publication of this volume at this stage is therefore likely -to generate further interest in the subject. l hope this monograph will adequately meet the demands of inquisitive scholars working or interested in the field of Ancient Indian Medicine.

I appreciate the interest demonstrated by the members of the Publication Department of the Asiatic Society in quick publication of the monograph.

 

Introduction

Satapatha Brahmana, belonging to Suklayajurveda, is available in two recessions viz. Karwa and Madhyandina. The present study on the Satapatha Brahmana, however, is based on the Mddhyanclina recession consisting of fourteen kandas. The last few chapters of the fourteenth kanda have been, however, known as Brhadaranyaka Sayanacarya, the illustrious commentator of the vedic texts, has commented on the SatapdtitdBrdi1mdna which is known as Madhaviyavedarthaprakasa. There is another commentator, Harisvami, on the same text. In the preparation of this work the commentary of Sayana has been consulted from time to time.

Traditionally it is believed that the Satapatha Brahmana the work of some author named `Yajnavalkya throws some light on the person Yajnavalkya, who was, in all probability, a “native of eastern India. Yajnavalkya is considered by some scholar to be contemporary of Ajatasatru, the king of Magadha. Ajatasatru is claimed to be contemporary of Lord Buddha and the period is around 500 BC., as accepted by noted Indian and European scholars. As such, Satapatha Brahmana can be safely placed around 5th, 6th century B.C. But it has been proposed by Dr. Hortnle that the author of Satapatha Brahmana might have had the prior knowledge of the texts of Caraka as well as Susruta Samhita, and this conjecture may give some indication that the Sataoatga Brahmana is probably a later compilation. But it should be taken into consideration that both the Carajka and Susruta Samhita are the later complitation of the original Ayurvedic texts like Agnivesa Samhita and many other similar texts. If that be taken as true, then the medical theories described in the Satapatha Brahman may have referred to the theories narrated in earlier Vedic or medical texts and not to Caraka and Susruta Samhita of later origin. In a similar fashion commenting on the observation of hoernle. Dr. Surendra Nath Dasgupta has opined that the word Vedavadinah mentioned in the Susruta Samhita (Sarirasthana v.18) may have referred to the view of the Atharvaveda. Therefore the date of the Satapatha Brahmana should nto be placed much later. As a conclusion the conjecture of hoernle that the Satapatha Brahmana is as old as the 6th century B.C. however may be accepted as a valid date.

It is a common belief that the Atharvaveda can be regarded as the source or origin Ayurveda because the informative material can be traced in the Atharvaveda to a large extent. Even the Ayurvedic texts of Caraka and Susruta Samhita advocate for its inclusion under atarvaveda. But in fact the information’s regarding Indian medicine are lying scattered in the entire vedic literature. As an example of it the formative period of the history of Ayurveda. Although the Vedic texts are the store houses of information’s containing predominantly detailed descriptions of the sacrificial ceremonies but in course of narration of these sacrificial ceremonies, Satapatha supplies us a lot of information regarding the existing medical care and health prevalent in the society of that period.

It is in the Satapatha Brahmana for the first time the term Slesman can be found to be used in the Ayurvedic sense of ‘kapha’, one of the fundamental tenets of the tridosa theory of Ayurveda. Although, prior to this, in the Kathaka Samhita (xxxiv. 9), the term ‘slesmun’ can also be traced, but it is used there in a different meaning altogether. As such, it may appear somewhat reasonable to think that the entire Brahmana literature serves as a preparatory ground for the outcome of the Ayurvedic texts.

A fruitful study of the Satapatha Brahmana will reveal that near about 39 medicinal plants were widely known, which are used to combat 30 diseases approximately of that period. Many of the common diseases of the present days such as, tuberculosis, paralysis, rheumatic disorders, jaundice, mental depression, leprosy, epilepsy, some eye-disease, e.g., Cataract, fever with severe tremor (vepana),skin diseases etc. have appeared in the satapatha Brahmana. Some sort of identification however can ascertained from the commentary of Sayana and Harisvami. As far as the translation of the Ayurvedic technical terminology is concerned, it is needless to say that it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to translate them into modern terminology keeping their senses intact. There is an insurmountable obstacle in this area. The concept of ‘Vayu’, pitta’ or ‘slesman’ in Ayurveda is never conveyed in its entirety by the modern terms like ‘wind’. ‘bile’ or ‘phlegm’, In this work, effort has been made to translate the terms as far as possible and practicable. But still, it must be said that these translations even at their best, should be taken as ‘near meanings’ instead of ‘equivalents’.

In this monograph, a small attempt has been made to unearth the medical materials lying hidden in the Vedic rituals and literature. The present study of the Satapatha Brahmana can be viewed from this angle only. I hope that this work will be helpful for the persons interested in the history of Indian medicine. I thank Professor P.V. Sharma, the Doyen of Indian medicine who has appreciated this work and suggested for its publication. I thank also Professor Anil Kumar Sarkar the General Secretary of the Asiatic Society for taking initiative to publish this monograph.

 

CONTENTS
Foreword III
Introduction V
Abbreviation XI
Chapter 1  
Seven Constituents of the Body (Sapta-Dhatu) 1
Chapter 2  
Limbs or Parts of the Body 6
Chapter 3  
Vital Air or Life Breath 14
Chapter 4  
Seasons (Rtu) 21
Chapter 5  
Foods and Drinks 24
Chapter 6  
Medicinal Herbs and Plants 31
Chapter 7  
Embryology 41
Chapter 8  
Diseases and Treatment 46
Bibliography 54
Technical Terms With English Equivalents 59
Medicinal Plants With Botanical Names 65
Index of The Sanskrit Words 67
Index of the English Words 75
 
Sample Pages







History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha Brahmana

Item Code:
IDF363
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1999
Publisher:
Language:
English
Size:
8.4" X 5.8"
Pages:
90
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 200 gms
Price:
$16.50   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha Brahmana

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 8990 times since 11th Feb, 2017
History of Indian Medicine

 

Foreword

l have the pleasure to present this monograph entitled History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature : Sattatpatha-Brahmana The author of this monograph, Dr. Ms. Mridula Saha is a Research Fellow of the Asiatic Society. This as such is a product of in—house research of the Asiatic Society. Dr. Mridula Saha’s monograph has been prepared under the close supervision of Dr. Brahmananda Gupta, Research Professor of the Asiatic Society, who is a specialist in this particular field. Dr. Gupta’s brief introductory Note highlighting the use fullness of study of the Brahmana literature in general and Satapatha Brahmana in particular has enhanced the value of the publication to a major extent.

Recent decades have witnessed the revival of interest in Ancient Indian Medicine all over the world. Publication of this volume at this stage is therefore likely -to generate further interest in the subject. l hope this monograph will adequately meet the demands of inquisitive scholars working or interested in the field of Ancient Indian Medicine.

I appreciate the interest demonstrated by the members of the Publication Department of the Asiatic Society in quick publication of the monograph.

 

Introduction

Satapatha Brahmana, belonging to Suklayajurveda, is available in two recessions viz. Karwa and Madhyandina. The present study on the Satapatha Brahmana, however, is based on the Mddhyanclina recession consisting of fourteen kandas. The last few chapters of the fourteenth kanda have been, however, known as Brhadaranyaka Sayanacarya, the illustrious commentator of the vedic texts, has commented on the SatapdtitdBrdi1mdna which is known as Madhaviyavedarthaprakasa. There is another commentator, Harisvami, on the same text. In the preparation of this work the commentary of Sayana has been consulted from time to time.

Traditionally it is believed that the Satapatha Brahmana the work of some author named `Yajnavalkya throws some light on the person Yajnavalkya, who was, in all probability, a “native of eastern India. Yajnavalkya is considered by some scholar to be contemporary of Ajatasatru, the king of Magadha. Ajatasatru is claimed to be contemporary of Lord Buddha and the period is around 500 BC., as accepted by noted Indian and European scholars. As such, Satapatha Brahmana can be safely placed around 5th, 6th century B.C. But it has been proposed by Dr. Hortnle that the author of Satapatha Brahmana might have had the prior knowledge of the texts of Caraka as well as Susruta Samhita, and this conjecture may give some indication that the Sataoatga Brahmana is probably a later compilation. But it should be taken into consideration that both the Carajka and Susruta Samhita are the later complitation of the original Ayurvedic texts like Agnivesa Samhita and many other similar texts. If that be taken as true, then the medical theories described in the Satapatha Brahman may have referred to the theories narrated in earlier Vedic or medical texts and not to Caraka and Susruta Samhita of later origin. In a similar fashion commenting on the observation of hoernle. Dr. Surendra Nath Dasgupta has opined that the word Vedavadinah mentioned in the Susruta Samhita (Sarirasthana v.18) may have referred to the view of the Atharvaveda. Therefore the date of the Satapatha Brahmana should nto be placed much later. As a conclusion the conjecture of hoernle that the Satapatha Brahmana is as old as the 6th century B.C. however may be accepted as a valid date.

It is a common belief that the Atharvaveda can be regarded as the source or origin Ayurveda because the informative material can be traced in the Atharvaveda to a large extent. Even the Ayurvedic texts of Caraka and Susruta Samhita advocate for its inclusion under atarvaveda. But in fact the information’s regarding Indian medicine are lying scattered in the entire vedic literature. As an example of it the formative period of the history of Ayurveda. Although the Vedic texts are the store houses of information’s containing predominantly detailed descriptions of the sacrificial ceremonies but in course of narration of these sacrificial ceremonies, Satapatha supplies us a lot of information regarding the existing medical care and health prevalent in the society of that period.

It is in the Satapatha Brahmana for the first time the term Slesman can be found to be used in the Ayurvedic sense of ‘kapha’, one of the fundamental tenets of the tridosa theory of Ayurveda. Although, prior to this, in the Kathaka Samhita (xxxiv. 9), the term ‘slesmun’ can also be traced, but it is used there in a different meaning altogether. As such, it may appear somewhat reasonable to think that the entire Brahmana literature serves as a preparatory ground for the outcome of the Ayurvedic texts.

A fruitful study of the Satapatha Brahmana will reveal that near about 39 medicinal plants were widely known, which are used to combat 30 diseases approximately of that period. Many of the common diseases of the present days such as, tuberculosis, paralysis, rheumatic disorders, jaundice, mental depression, leprosy, epilepsy, some eye-disease, e.g., Cataract, fever with severe tremor (vepana),skin diseases etc. have appeared in the satapatha Brahmana. Some sort of identification however can ascertained from the commentary of Sayana and Harisvami. As far as the translation of the Ayurvedic technical terminology is concerned, it is needless to say that it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to translate them into modern terminology keeping their senses intact. There is an insurmountable obstacle in this area. The concept of ‘Vayu’, pitta’ or ‘slesman’ in Ayurveda is never conveyed in its entirety by the modern terms like ‘wind’. ‘bile’ or ‘phlegm’, In this work, effort has been made to translate the terms as far as possible and practicable. But still, it must be said that these translations even at their best, should be taken as ‘near meanings’ instead of ‘equivalents’.

In this monograph, a small attempt has been made to unearth the medical materials lying hidden in the Vedic rituals and literature. The present study of the Satapatha Brahmana can be viewed from this angle only. I hope that this work will be helpful for the persons interested in the history of Indian medicine. I thank Professor P.V. Sharma, the Doyen of Indian medicine who has appreciated this work and suggested for its publication. I thank also Professor Anil Kumar Sarkar the General Secretary of the Asiatic Society for taking initiative to publish this monograph.

 

CONTENTS
Foreword III
Introduction V
Abbreviation XI
Chapter 1  
Seven Constituents of the Body (Sapta-Dhatu) 1
Chapter 2  
Limbs or Parts of the Body 6
Chapter 3  
Vital Air or Life Breath 14
Chapter 4  
Seasons (Rtu) 21
Chapter 5  
Foods and Drinks 24
Chapter 6  
Medicinal Herbs and Plants 31
Chapter 7  
Embryology 41
Chapter 8  
Diseases and Treatment 46
Bibliography 54
Technical Terms With English Equivalents 59
Medicinal Plants With Botanical Names 65
Index of The Sanskrit Words 67
Index of the English Words 75
 
Sample Pages







Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to History of Indian Medicine based on Vedic Literature: Satapatha... (Ayurveda | Books)

Medicinal Plants in Siddha System of Medicine  (CD Rom)
Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions
Item Code: ICY001
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Tibetan Buddhist Deity Bhaishajyaguru (The Medicine Buddha)
Tibetan Thangka Painting
Size of Painted Surface 19.5 inch X 29.5 inch
Size with Brocade 32 inch X 53.5 inch
Item Code: TK37
$595.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Medicine Buddha in Padamasana (Tibetan Buddhist)
Brass Statue
7.4 inch Height x 5.7 inch Width x 3.5 inch Depth
1.7 kg
Item Code: ZDE54
$165.00
Backorder
Backorder
Forensic Medicine Under Indian System of Medicine (Ayurveda)
Item Code: NAG323
$15.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Holistic Principles of Ayurvedic Medicine
Item Code: IDD998
$36.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I received the package today... Wonderfully wrapped and packaged (beautiful statue)! Please thank all involved for everything they do! I deeply appreciate everyone's efforts!
Frances, USA
I have always been delighted with your excellent service and variety of items.
James, USA
I've been happy with prior purchases from this site!
Priya, USA
Thank you. You are providing an excellent and unique service.
Thiru, UK
Thank You very much for this wonderful opportunity for helping people to acquire the spiritual treasures of Hinduism at such an affordable price.
Ramakrishna, Australia
I really LOVE you! Wonderful selections, prices and service. Thank you!
Tina, USA
This is to inform you that the shipment of my order has arrived in perfect condition. The actual shipment took only less than two weeks, which is quite good seen the circumstances. I waited with my response until now since the Buddha statue was a present that I handed over just recently. The Medicine Buddha was meant for a lady who is active in the healing business and the statue was just the right thing for her. I downloaded the respective mantras and chants so that she can work with the benefits of the spiritual meanings of the statue and the mantras. She is really delighted and immediately fell in love with the beautiful statue. I am most grateful to you for having provided this wonderful work of art. We both have a strong relationship with Buddhism and know to appreciate the valuable spiritual power of this way of thinking. So thank you very much again and I am sure that I will come back again.
Bernd, Spain
You have the best selection of Hindu religous art and books and excellent service.i AM THANKFUL FOR BOTH.
Michael, USA
I am very happy with your service, and have now added a web page recommending you for those interested in Vedic astrology books: https://www.learnastrologyfree.com/vedicbooks.htm Many blessings to you.
Hank, USA
As usual I love your merchandise!!!
Anthea, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2019 © Exotic India