There are persons who hate astrology and have no faith in it.
There is no apprehension from such persons. They are in the
open field and can be dealt with. The greatest apprehension is
from those who love astrology and have great faith in its
predictions. The reason is that they make too heavy demands on
it to be easily satisfied. Longevity of human being is one such
subject. They will not be satisfied if they are merely told
that the particular person has a deerghayu or a long life. They
want to have the answer in quantitative terms, precisely, in
years, months and days etc. I am also one such admirer. Being a
serious student as well I worked on the subject. The net result
of my labours is presented to the readers.
As an admirer or the science and its students I have always
been interested in taking it to as many person as possible. I
have been for the purpose teaching this science under the
auspices of Delhi chapter of Astro Sciences Research Institute
of India. As for writing a book on a subject like longevity
which is both difficult and vast I have to admit that the
divine grace of Gurudeva. H. H. Swami Madhawanandji Maharaj
inspired me for it and the Invisible Hand of Lord Hanuman did
the job. I bow my head in reverence to the lotus feet of
Gurudeva and dedicate myself to the service of the Lord.
My sincere and unsolicited go to Ranjan Publications who
readily agreed to publish my work under their seal and cover.
I am also indebted to Sh. S. C. Chaudhri who helped me in a
second reading with a view to edit it.
Determination of longevity of human beings in exact and
precise terms of years, months and days etc., is a difficult
task. It is transgressing the Providential domain. As we are
imperfect human beings our methods can claim perfection, if at
all they do, only to a certain extent and nothing beyond that.
The masters had their way and the best way to reach some of
their height is to follow their footprints.
The sages tracked this question very competently and we have no
better alternative but to follow them most scrupulously. They
based all their conclusion on a comprehensive study of the
birth chart. To arrive at a correct conclusion, therefore; the
first important thing is to judge the reliability of the time
of birth upon which the whole edifice ok the chart has been
prepared. As it is not the purpose to so how the rectification
of the error in time of birth is made, we have restricted
ourselves only to cheek up the correctness of the time of birth
and not to indulge in its correction. The first chapter deals
very briefly with this subject. Three methods have been
explained here very briefly. The first is the easiest method in
light of ruling planets advocated by very eminent astrologer of
our days, K.S. Krishnamurti. The second is that of counting the
constellations and checking up the position of moon. There is
yet another method by which we check the sex of the new comer
and if it is same as should be the time of birth gets
It may be mentioned here very clearly that our sages meant by
life the yogajayu determined by various combinations of planets
called the yoga. Their judgement started with the time of birth
itself. In chapter 2 therefore the three types of arishtas
known as Gandarishta, Tithi ganda and lagna ganda, visha
navamsas, inauspicious muhurtas for the birth have been
explained. Sadyo-arishta, arishtas, and yogarishtas have been
described briefly and the principles in the background
explained. Various factors that nullify the effects of above
arishtas have also been referred to in the chapter.
There is a special emphasis on the study of childhood period
which ranges up to 12 years of age with minor adjustments both
ways because it is during this period that the prospects of
life depend more on various external circumstances than on the
blessings or curse of the planets. In other words, the problem
of early life was considered with reference to Desh, Kala and
Patra that is the country, period, and the person. Chapter 3
deals with the classification of life into three comportments
namely, the alpayu, madhyamayu and poornayu and planets. This
has been followed by an attempt at studying the various factors
that prove deterrents to the prospects of the continuity.
In chapter 4 the principle relating to the study of the birth
chart have been explained. The good and bad planets and houses,
importance of nodes, various yogas, importance of drekkanas and
navamsas and the principle of Bhavadbhavam etc. have been dealt
with. Various causes of death have been studied. Transit
system, Pada rasis, the Upgrahas, Tara dasa system, Spashta
Deha, Spashta Mrityu and Spashta Jeeva have also been included
in the study.
In after confirmation in various ways that life would last for
some substantial period, attempt were made about the
calculation of longevity mathematically in precise terms. In
all there are 32 methods. All of them could not be included in
this book for reasons of space but the most important and
popular of them have found their place. Chapter 5 deals with
ashtakavarga system of calculation. Preparation of charts,
Ekadhipatya and Trikona Sodhanas. Mandal Sodhana, Rasi and
graha gunakaras have all been explained in detail with
practical example Samudaya ashtakavarga and its calculations
with practical illustrations have also been included. In the
end, a word about the circumstances under which Bhinna
ashtakvarga or the Samudaya ashtakvarga should be tried and
working out the dasa system has been explained.
Badrayan's horary system of calculating the longevity with step
by step considerations supported by practical calculations have
been explained. The Rasmikayu calculations, Bharanas and
haranas, the nakshatrayu, Gauri Jataka and Jaimini system have
been included with practical illustrations. They from the
subject matter of chapter 6.
In chapter 7 the pindayurdaya and the Amsakayurdaya methods
have been discussed in detail and illustrated with practical
examples in each case.
Chapter 8 has been devoted to a new method of determining the
longevity. Its separate treatment would inside its importance.
The method is really novel in the sense that I have not found
it in the classical books. It was found in the book 'Span of
Life' written by Sh. G. S. Rama Murthi. The second edition of
the book was published in 1971. Sh. Rama Murthi has started
that this method is being practiced successfully by one family
of astrologers in the south. There are two main merits of the
method. The one great merit is that it is too simple to be
explained and practiced. There are no ifs and buts. The way it
has been explained indicates that it is universally applicable.
The other advantage is that it is very easy to practice without
any mathematical calculations. As regards its usefulness this
author has very little to comment, as the same has not so for
been used by him. The reason for its recommendation is that it
takes into account life factors from various angels. The
calculations are made on that basis of four important factors,
which deal with life in its various aspects. The lagna
represents the native. The third house indicates his prowess.
The eight houses is for life itself according to astrological
principles. The tenth house stands for karmasthana as well as
the retirement from life. The readers are requested to practise
it themselves and draw their own conclusion. It would be better
if they could share their experiences with others.
Chapter 9 deals with all the methods of calculations
collectively. Their practical utility has been discussed and
various circumstances under which one or the other method can
be used has been explained. In short a comparative study of the
methods is the subject matter of the chapter.
In practical life of today it has been noticed that the methods
fail not so much on account of their own short coming as due to
the differences in the times then and now. The stresses and
hurdles on the way today are not only many in number but also
much deeper in intensity. The accidents, which take a heavy
toll of human life every now and then, call for a deeper study.
Of course as human beings we are quite imperfect instruments to
judge the ways of providence. We can however be more careful
and cautious attempts. The extra care that can be taken in
judgement has been discussed and explained to some extent in
In the Epilogue the author has tried to evaluate the various
methods by way of critical appreciation of the methods and
their practical utility. A word about what the author has been
doing in this respect has also been added by way of advice.
This may be followed or rejected lies within the discretion of
Determination of longevity is an integral part of horoscopy. It
is as different and complicated as it is important. The author,
who is both a teacher and a practitioner of the science, has
dealt with the whole subject in an easy-to-understand style for
the beginner as will as the seasoned. Beginning with the
elementaries he proceeds in sequence to the more and more
difficult aspects of the subject culminating ultimately in
their synthetics. First he outline the essential producers for
checking the correctness of time and date of birth for
preparing the birth chart and then he goes on to the
identification of inauspicious yogas. There after follows a
vivid discussion on Balarishtas and Arishta-bhangas etc. The
philosophy behind the yogas has been logically explained. A
deeper analysis of many methods of mathematical calculation of
longevity and their application is enriched by practical
In short the book is scholarly blend of the wisdom of the sages
and the practical experience of the author. It is the only
treatise of its kind on this very difficult subject of
longevity and a dedicated attempt presenting the essence
flowing thought the churning of classical texts by the author.
A rare exposition on longevity that neither a neophyte nor a
scholar or a seasoned practitioner of the science can afford to
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