The Banarasi saree is quite well-liked by women of all faiths and all backgrounds. It is also widely worn as a bridal dress in Bengali marriages. In addition to the Indian fashion industry, the world of international fashion is taking stock of these Banarasi sarees. This ethnic outfit is remarkable because of the plethora of intricate and exquisite embroidery sewn into its six yards. This Banarasi saree itself is embroidered by hand in Varanasi using exquisite designs made of gold and silver threads, defying technological progress. Every woman's primary preference for sarees nowadays consists of one of these gorgeous and elegant outfits. The city of Varanasi is where Banarasi sarees are woven. They are known as the finest traditional sarees in India and are extremely heavy due to their intricate embroidery, which makes them ideal for festivities, marriages, and other special occasions. Classic versions of this saree are manufactured in 4 distinct materials: virgin silk, Georgette, Kora Organza, and Katan Organza. Organza, satin borders, jangla, brocades, Tanchoi, cutwork, and Resham butidar are mostly just a handful of the countless Banarasi silk saree variants obtainable. These textiles feature fascinating animals, birds, floral insignias, fruit, human figures, and geometric pattern motifs.
Furthermore, Persian elements have been incorporated into Indian design to create different floral arrangements for the sarees that are still used nowadays. The royal household traditionally utilized authentic gold and silver threads to embellish the Banarasi sarees. To make them more widely available today, coloured gold and silver threads have been employed as a replacement for traditional threads. This saree is spun on a handloom with eye-catching motifs and tones and is marketed throughout the globe.
Fabric Varieties of the gorgeous Banarasi Sarees
The Georgette, Shattir, Organza with zari and silk, and Katan fabric varieties are the four major fabric varieties being used in Banarasi sarees. Crepe yarn is woven both in the warp as well as the weft to generate the exquisitely woven lightweight fabric renowned as georgette. It is well-known for producing Bollywood sarees, couture sarees, and salwar kameez outfit styles. Beautiful contemporary and pricey Banarasi saree designs are fashioned with shattir fabric. Warp and weft are employed to develop one of the most magnificent Brocade designs and embellishments on the richly woven fabric referred to as organza. Zari brocade is created by spinning silk yarns over silver threads which have been dipped in gold. Pure silk sarees are composed of pure silk threads fashioned into a plain material called Katan. Exquisite designs and patterns found on Katan sarees were formerly weaved by handlooms, but nowadays, power looms and quick looms are employed to manufacture sarees.
Using a power loom, at least 3 different artisans cooperate to weave one sari. One artisan should weave the silk, the other must dye it, as well as a third should connect the knot of silk to build the power ring. The motifs are originally sketched on graph paper. As a punch-card pattern, it's been embossed. This will function as a thread pattern during the complete weaving process. The period of time it requires the artisans to create a sari completely hinges on how elaborate the embroidery is—anywhere from fifteen days to six months. It may even take an entire year for the artisans to manufacture a Banarasi sari with only imperial patterns if customers request it.
Q1. Who started the Banarasi Saree?
The Mughal Empire brought sophisticated sewing and decorating techniques of the Banarasi silk to India.
Q2. Are Banarasi sarees very expensive?
There are many variable pricing ranges for Banarasi sarees, therefore it is essential to choose one that falls within your resources.
Banaras, or more commonly known as Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, is the origin of the Banarasi sari. The manufacturing centres are mostly found in areas like Banaras, Gorakhpur and Azamgarh. Though these classic saris are now woven in many parts of India.
During ancient times, artisans and weavers of these beautifully crafted Banarasi saris are believed to have drawn inspiration from natural flowers such as Jasmine, Marigold, Thousand Emeralds, and even the leaves of Betel Nut for designs. The diagonal stripes, floral patterns and corner motifs are some of the other patterns woven on a Banarasi sari. It is woven on a handloom by blending it with dobby or Jacquard mechanism. Normally, one sari requires about three persons to weave and may take from one to six months to complete it. The duration depends on the fineness and complexity of the designs.
It would be interesting to know that an ideal Banarasi sari is made up of around 5600 thread wires, and all of them are of 45-inch width. The weaving of the warp requires the artisans to create the base first which is about 24-25 meters long. The most notable aspects of crafting a Banarasi sari is teamwork. Out of the three, one weaves the sari, the second rotates the ring to create the bundles and the third craftsman assists in the designing of the border.
These saris are ranked as the finest traditional wear in Indian culture. Crafted delicately with ultimate perfection in the designs and floral patterns, these eye-catching saris come in striking shades and hues. These days the traditional patterns are complimented with zardozi work, sequins, colourful beads, and different bootis to enhance the glamour and charm of Banarasis.
Traditional Banarasi saris are specifically made in four types of fabrics that include pure silk, organza, Georgette, and Shatir. And, these are artistically filled with brocade designs of flowers like chameli, panna hazar, genda buti, and buits of betel leaves.
Originally, Bararasi saris were designed with threads dipped in real gold and silver liquids as these were basically used by the royal families. These days, the real gold and silver coated threads are replaced by golden and silver coloured threads that are made especially for Banarasi saris.
Two essential pieces of garments, that go alongwith the Sari, need to be chosen carefully to compliment the Sari. These are:
Start wearing the sari by tucking its plain/upper end into the petticoat, at a position which is a little bit to the right of the navel. Make sure that the lower end of the sari should be touching the floor, and that the whole length of the sari comes on the left-hand side. Now wrap the sari around yourself once, with the sari now coming back in the front, on your right side.
Make about 5 to 7 pleats of equal width of 5 inches, starting at the tucked-in end. Gather the pleats together, neatly, ensuring that the lower edge of the pleats are even and just off the ground and that the pleats fall straight and evenly. A safety pin may be used to stop the pleats from scattering.
Neatly tuck the pleats into the petticoat, at the waist, slightly to the left of the navel, in such a manner that they open to your left.
Drape the remaining fabric around yourself once more left to right, and bring it round your hips to the front, holding the top edge of the sari.
Slightly raise the remaining portion of the Sari on your back, bringing it up under the right arm and over the left shoulder so that the end of the Sari falls to about the level of your knees.
The end portion thus draped, from the left shoulder onwards, is called the Pallav or the Pallu, and can be prevented from slipping off teh shoulder, by fastening it at the shoulder to the blouse with a small safety pin.
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