Hinduism is West Bengal's largest religious tradition, accounting for nearly 68 percent of the population. A large number of Hindus in West Bengal belong to the Shakta/Kalikula tradition, while others are Vaishnavites, and a small portion of the region's population are Shaivites. Bengali Hindus constitute an overwhelming majority of Hindus in West Bengal. In the state of West Bengal, the most prominent Hindu tradition with the most number of devotees is Shaktism (the Kalikula tradition). Another tradition that is prevalent in this region is Vaishnavism (Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Vaishnava-Sahajiya, Bauls). With this unprecedented prominence, at the very core of Bengali traditions lies Hinduism. This has led to the study of many Hindu texts including the Vedas, Vedic texts, and epics such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and the Bhagavad Gita.
An important school of thought in Hinduism is the Vedanta school of philosophy. It is one among six other Indian philosophical systems known as darshans. In Sanskrit, Vedanta refers to the "conclusion" (anta) of the Vedas, India's oldest sacred literary works. It is also used in relation to the Upanishads, which were extrapolations of the Vedas, as well as the religious instructions that arose from the analysis of the Upanishads (Mimamsa). Vedanta is also recognized as Vedanta Mimamsa ("Representation of Vedanta"), Uttara Mimamsa ("Thoughts on the Later Parts of the Vedas"), and Brahma Mimamsa ("Reflection on Brahma" or "Reflection on Brahman"). The Vedanta schools include a variety of beliefs, including the rebirth of the self (samsara) and the relevance of deliverance from the cycle of reincarnation; the strength of the Veda on methods of enlightenment; that brahman is both the material (upadana) and the instrumental (nimitta) cause of the world; and that the self (atman) is the delegate of its own acts (karma) and thus the consumers of the fruits (Phala)
Gaudapada developed the tenet of the absolute Brahma, which Sankara expanded on. Brahma is the only reality, according to Advaita Vedanta, an important school of Vedanta philosophy. Aside from Brahma, all earthly occurrences have no distinct self. The Advaitins recognize 3 dimensions of reality: spiritual (paramarthika), scientific (vyavaharika), and observable (paramarthika) (pratibhasika). The Pratibhasika vastus is rescinded by statistical norm, and the Vyavaharika Vastus is dismissed by Brahma's revelation. Brahma is superlatively real (Existence, Consciousness, and Bliss). The world's things are false because they are perceptual (drshya), occur at some point in time, in a certain place, and are ascertained by some things. They are indescribable because they are neither real (sat) nor improbable (asata) (anirvachya). They are true in their own realms, but unfounded on a higher plane of reality. God is scientifically real but sublimely false as well. The name-and-form world appears to be a modified version (vivarta) of Brahma, but it is actually a progression (parinama) of Ajvana. Because of ignorance, one Brahma appears to be multiple.
Q1. What is the main teaching of the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy?
According to the basic tenets of Vedanta, Brahman is the ultimate reality, without beginning or end, beyond space and time, title and form. Because Brahman manifests as the multi-creation via Maya, the world is considered to be an inconsistent abstraction of the universe.
Q2. Does the Hindu philosophical school, Vedanta acknowledge the existence of a greater power?
God is regarded as "Brahman" in Vedanta, and the term "Brahman" signifies vast or unbounded. As a result, Brahman is not time-bound, implying that it is infinite. It is not confined by space, so it is present everywhere.
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