Odisha flaunts a rich social and historical heritage. A ton of suppositions about Indian history don't matter to Orissa since the set of social, cultural and economic experiences of Orissa vary fundamentally from those of the Indian states of the north. The land of Orissa is a space that celebrates a glorious past. Flanked by Gondwana, the untamed slopes of Jaspur and Singhbhum, the ocean, and Ganjam; Orissa is a visual treat. It was known as Udra or "Odra Desa'' before Kalinga. The lower channel of the Subarnarekha River and the Mahanadi valley were the main spots where the Ancient Odra desha or Ordesa existed. It incorporated all of the current Cuttack and Sambalpur locales as well as a part of Midnapur. Orissa witnessed a crucial turning moment in world history. In 261 B.C., the legendary Kalinga War, which forced Emperor Asoka to abandon warfare and embrace Buddhism, took place in Orissa. He promoted Buddhism after the war and was instrumental in spreading the faith to far-off places like Thailand and Cambodia.
The widest diversity of tribal communities can be observed in Orissa, India. These have made a significant contribution to the richness of Orissa's legacy and history. There are groups that are indistinguishable from the broader agricultural community at one extreme and tribes that lead very isolated and primitive lifestyles while preserving their fundamental cultures at the other. In addition to their language, rituals, and festivals, they also display their cultural identity and difference in societal structure through their attire, ornamentation, art, and craftsmanship. Their entire way of life is closely entwined with their commitment to their religion, their engagement in rituals, and their trust in spiritual things. During the Ganga dynasty, Kalinga experienced its golden age. Anantavarman Chodagangadeva, a Ganga king, governed from the Ganges to the Godavari rivers, with Cuttack serving as his capital. He started work on the Jagannatha temple at Puri. The Konark Sun Temple, one of the best examples of Hindu architecture, was erected by Narasimha I. When Muslim rulers took over much of India in the 13th and 14th centuries, independent Kalinga remained a stronghold of Hinduism, including its philosophy, culture, and craftsmanship. The Suryas succeeded the Ganges. Its most memorable ruler, Kapilendra, impressively developed the Kalinga realm by capturing landsunder his Muslim neighbors. Purushottama, his successor, battled to clutch on to those accomplishments. Prataparudra, the last Surya ruler, took on a pacifist standpoint in the wake of turning into a student of the venerated Hindu spiritualist Chaitanya.
The force of the realm diminished after Prataparudra's demise in 1540, and it lost it in 1568 when King Mukunda was killed by individuals from his own country. Following the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1803, the British under the British East India Company seized the Maratha province of Odisha. The Bengal Presidency took over all the western and northern districts of Odisha. Large-scale irrigation projects were started in the second half of the 19th century as a response to the famine and floods of 1866. Due to local unrest for a separate state for the Odia-speaking population, the coastal portion of Bengal was partitioned and formed into the Province of Bihar and Orissa. Bihar and Orissa were divided into distinct provinces in 1936. The Odia people were therefore reunited after centuries of political division following a protracted period of conflict.
Q1. Who is known to be the first Odia king?
Kapilendra is the first Odia king of Orissa.
Q2. How can we describe the culture of Orissa?
The Aryan, Dravidian, and Adivasi cultures all coexist in Odisha. The majority of the state's festivals highlight a facet of their cultures and honor their religion through year-round celebrations.
Email a Friend