India is known worldwide for its rich heritage when it comes to various systems of traditional medicines. From the legendary Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Yoga to the lesser known yet favored Unani, and Naturopathy, India has extensively contributed to the medical landscape of the world. Globally, Ayurveda has built a name for itself as a celebrated medical method. The Sanskrit term for Ayurveda is "the Science of Life." It is based on universal natural laws and sees humans as a complex whole, including their internal and exterior environments. This all-encompassing medical approach, which is popular in Asia, is thought to have developed from divine origins and was first used by sages in India. The human being is described by Ayurvedic thought as a trifecta of the interconnected but dependent body, mind, and spirit. In this view, the entire cosmos is shown as the macrocosm and man as the microcosm, or smaller version of the cosmos. According to Ayurveda, a healthy condition of living can be achieved by adhering to the precepts of divine wisdom and maintaining a perfect balance between the elements of nature and the Tridoshas of the human body. The term "Sapta Dhatus" refers to the seven different types of tissues that make up the human body. The efficient physiological operation of the human body depends on the cooperation of these seven tissues. The Rakta Dhatu, which resembles blood, controls the movement of blood cells and the delivery of blood constituents to the body. The Mamsa Dhatu (muscular tissue) gives the Meda Dhatu support in the form of skeletal muscles. The Majja Dhatu is composed of the bone marrow and liquids important for the oleation of the bones and their legitimate capability, while the Asthi Dhatu is composed of the body's bones. The regenerative frameworks of the body are taken care of by the Shukra Dhatu.
The principles of Ayurveda
As we enter the world of Ayurveda, the first thing we are introduced to is the world of the Pancha Mahabhoota- Vayu (Air), Jala (Water), Aakash (Space or ether), Prithvi (Earth), and Teja. Ayurvedic Science believes that these 5 elements build each and every component of the universe. They are also the creators of the three Doshas (Tridoshas)- Vata, Pitta, and Kapha; that govern the human body's fundamental physiological processes. It is claimed that Vata controls the body's catabolism, Pitta controls its metabolism, and Kapha controls its anabolism. To achieve good health, both physical and mental, a balance should be maintained among the three Doshas.
Vata Dosha: Dryness intensifies the effects of the vata dosha, which regulates cellular transport, electrolyte balance, and waste product disposal.
Pitta Dosha: Body temperature, synchronization of the visual nerves, and control of appetite and thirst are all governed by the Pitta dosha. Pitta is made worse by heat conditions in the body.
Kapha Dosha: Sweet and fatty foods enhance kapha dosha and lubricate the joints to ensure proper joint function.
All physical and mental changes, including food digestion and absorption, cellular alterations, assimilation of sensory perceptions, and mental and emotional experiences, are all governed by the biological fire known as metabolism. Thus, a complete series of chemical interactions and alterations in the body and psyche are covered by agni. Agni stimulates digestion, and agni strength is correlated with digestive ability. Every tissue and cell contains agni, which is essential for the auto-immune system and nourishment. Therefore, a balanced agni is essential for health, and agni disruptions are typically the main causes of disorders/diseases in human beings.
Q1. What according to Ayurveda is a balanced diet?
A diet consisting of whole grains, vegetables, and legumes is seen as a healthy diet by Ayurveda.
Q2. What are the important benefits of Ayurveda?
Ayurveda is extremely beneficial to achieve clear skin, healthy physique and balanced mental health.
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