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The Influential and Lasting History of Telugu As A Language

An essential member of the Dravidian language group, the Telugu language was called “Tenugu” in the pre-medieval period and as “Andhra” in the medieval period. The language, primarily spoken in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has noticeable impact of the Arabic and Persian language, as it was a huge part of the Muslim realm in India. “Telugu”, in the medieval period, was known to comprise a land marked by important shrines- Draksharamam (East Godavari district), Srisailam (Kurnool district), and Kaleshwaram (Karimnagar district). 

The language's impact on Sanskrit is perfect to the point that after some time, a few of its expressions came to be considered as Telugu words. A few words from Tamil and Kannada likewise advanced into Telugu, yet they didn't get on well overall. Telugu has saved a few unmistakable Sanskrit qualities that have since been lost in other of Sanskrit's posterity dialects, including Hindi and Bengali, especially in the way to express different vowels and consonants. Telugu is an agglutinative language, implying that words and linguistic capabilities are communicated by progressively adding postfixes to roots to develop words. Telugu, similar to any remaining agglutinative dialects, favors postpositions above prepositional words.

In its initial days, the Telugu Language was the language of the people and not the language of the rulers. The mention of the Telugu language is often seen in various Sanskrit and Prakrit inscriptions. Most scholars believe that the Telugu language was born even before the well-known translation work by Nannaya of the Mahabharata. During A.D. 500-1100, the literary dialects were restricted to the beautiful works that thrived in the courts of lords and among legendary literary masters. The literary Telugu Language was gradually conventionalized in an attempt to separate it from the regular spoken language. It also came under the impact of the beautiful Urdu language. Ketana, a pupil of Tikkana, barred the utilization of verbally expressed words in the idyllic works and cited a few spoken structures. 

There is a proper difference between spoken and literary Telugu language. The four regional variations and three social variations of the Telugu language have come into existence because of class, caste and education. The language is widely spoken in the state of Andhra Pradesh and has influenced the culture of the state. 

The Colonial influence on the Telugu Language

The Telugu language during the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire found a new name, thanks to Nicollo De Conti, a Venetian explorer of the sixteenth century. He nicknamed the language “The Italian of the East”, because it ended with vowels, just like Italian. The advent of the British colonial period brought with it the influence of the English Language on Telugu. Literature in Telugu language developed a perfect balance of modern English and traditional elements. Several notable literary figures emerged during this time- Gurazada Apparao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Gidugu Sitapati, Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty, and Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao.

The conventional method of deciphering Telugu grammar is called vykaraam. Nannayya wrote the classic text on Telugu sentence form, the Āndhra Śabda Cinṭāmaṇi,  in Sanskrit. However, unlike  Pāṇini, Nannayya divided his work into five categories, including samjn, sandhi, ajanta, halanta, and kriya. Telugu grammar used designs shown in linguistic texts like Aṣṭādhyāyī and Vālmīkivyākaranam. Each Telugu syntactic rule is derived from Paninian concepts. Chinnaya Suri acquired ideas and thoughts from Nannayya's language structure when he composed Bāla Vyākaraṇam, an abbreviated work on Telugu syntax. Telugu is perhaps the most extensively used language, with an expected 10,000 engravings existing as of the year 1996, as per the prominent Japanese historian Noboru Karashima, who managed the Epigraphical Society of India in 1985. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have Telugu engravings. Furthermore, they can be found in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu. 


Q1. How many people in India speak Telugu?

Telugu is the third most spoken language in India, spoken by 75 million Indians.

Q2. What is the feminist angle of the Telugu language?

The brahmin female population of Telugu- speaking Indian regions translate the Ramayana as Sita’s life, where Sita is the protagonist.